Objective: To determine clinical diabetes-related risk factors for fragility fractures in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Research design and methods: History of bone fragility fractures occurring after T1D diagnosis was assessed by questionnaire in this cross-sectional study in 600 T1D subjects. Glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) over the previous 5 years was used as an index of long-term glycemic control; complications were adjudicated by physician assessment. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between diabetes related risk factors and fracture history. Results: One-hundred-eleven patients (18.5%) reported at least one fracture; of these 73.8% had only one and 26.2% had more than one fracture. Average age was 41.9 +/- 12.8 years, with even gender distribution; disease duration was 19.9 +/- 12.0 years; and BMI was 24.4 +/- 3.7 kg/m(2). The 5-year average HbA1c was 7.6 +/- 1.0% (60 mmol/mol). In adjusted models, reduced risk for 1 fracture was found in those with higher creatinine clearance rate (CCr) (RRR 0.22 [95% CI: 0.06-0.83] for 1 unit increase in lnCCr, p = 0.03) and increased risk in those with neuropathy (RRR 2.57 [1.21-5.46], p = 0.01). Increased risk for >= 2 fractures was found in subjects in the highest tertile of HbAlc (>= 7.9%) compared with the lowest tertile (<= 7.17%) (RRR 3.50 [L04-11.7], p = 0.04) and of disease duration (>= 26 years versus < 14 years) (RRR 7.59 [1.60-35.98], p = 0.01). Conclusions: Poor glycemic control and long exposure to the disease are independent diabetes-related risk factors for multiple bone fractures in T1D.

Risk factors for fragility fractures in type 1 diabetes

Leanza G;Palermo A;Strollo R;Manfrini S;Pozzilli P;Napoli N
2019-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To determine clinical diabetes-related risk factors for fragility fractures in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Research design and methods: History of bone fragility fractures occurring after T1D diagnosis was assessed by questionnaire in this cross-sectional study in 600 T1D subjects. Glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) over the previous 5 years was used as an index of long-term glycemic control; complications were adjudicated by physician assessment. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between diabetes related risk factors and fracture history. Results: One-hundred-eleven patients (18.5%) reported at least one fracture; of these 73.8% had only one and 26.2% had more than one fracture. Average age was 41.9 +/- 12.8 years, with even gender distribution; disease duration was 19.9 +/- 12.0 years; and BMI was 24.4 +/- 3.7 kg/m(2). The 5-year average HbA1c was 7.6 +/- 1.0% (60 mmol/mol). In adjusted models, reduced risk for 1 fracture was found in those with higher creatinine clearance rate (CCr) (RRR 0.22 [95% CI: 0.06-0.83] for 1 unit increase in lnCCr, p = 0.03) and increased risk in those with neuropathy (RRR 2.57 [1.21-5.46], p = 0.01). Increased risk for >= 2 fractures was found in subjects in the highest tertile of HbAlc (>= 7.9%) compared with the lowest tertile (<= 7.17%) (RRR 3.50 [L04-11.7], p = 0.04) and of disease duration (>= 26 years versus < 14 years) (RRR 7.59 [1.60-35.98], p = 0.01). Conclusions: Poor glycemic control and long exposure to the disease are independent diabetes-related risk factors for multiple bone fractures in T1D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/10515
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