BACKGROUND: External rotation can be compromised after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). A functional teres minor (TM) is relatively common in patients with posterosuperior tears of the rotator cuff, and its function should be enhanced for better postoperative results. The aim of this study was to investigate how the version of humeral fixation can affect the TM rotational moment arm and muscle length as well as impingement after RTSA. METHODS: A 3-dimensional shoulder model was used to describe RTSA. Four humeral fixation versions were tested: +20°, 0°, -20°, and -40° (+, anteverted; -, retroverted). TM rotational moment arm and length as well as impingement-free range of motion were calculated for a set of 3 simple clinical motions: (1) scapula plane abduction (0°-150°); (2) internal/external rotation with the arm in adduction; and (3) internal/external rotation with the arm in abduction. Six common activities of daily living were also evaluated. RESULTS: An anteverted fixation maximized TM moment arms, but it also resulted in very short muscle length (compared with normal) and increased inferior impingement. In contrast, 40° humeral retroversion resulted in the longest TM muscle length, but it also showed the smallest moment arms and increased anterior impingement in some of the activities of daily living. CONCLUSIONS: Even if TM external rotation moment arm is higher in RTSA than in a normal shoulder, the decreased length could impair its force generation. The 0° and 20° retroversion was the optimum compromise between sufficient TM length and moment arm with minimum impingement.

The effect of humeral version on teres minor muscle moment arm, length, and impingement in reverse shoulder arthroplasty during activities of daily living

Longo UG;
2015-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: External rotation can be compromised after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). A functional teres minor (TM) is relatively common in patients with posterosuperior tears of the rotator cuff, and its function should be enhanced for better postoperative results. The aim of this study was to investigate how the version of humeral fixation can affect the TM rotational moment arm and muscle length as well as impingement after RTSA. METHODS: A 3-dimensional shoulder model was used to describe RTSA. Four humeral fixation versions were tested: +20°, 0°, -20°, and -40° (+, anteverted; -, retroverted). TM rotational moment arm and length as well as impingement-free range of motion were calculated for a set of 3 simple clinical motions: (1) scapula plane abduction (0°-150°); (2) internal/external rotation with the arm in adduction; and (3) internal/external rotation with the arm in abduction. Six common activities of daily living were also evaluated. RESULTS: An anteverted fixation maximized TM moment arms, but it also resulted in very short muscle length (compared with normal) and increased inferior impingement. In contrast, 40° humeral retroversion resulted in the longest TM muscle length, but it also showed the smallest moment arms and increased anterior impingement in some of the activities of daily living. CONCLUSIONS: Even if TM external rotation moment arm is higher in RTSA than in a normal shoulder, the decreased length could impair its force generation. The 0° and 20° retroversion was the optimum compromise between sufficient TM length and moment arm with minimum impingement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/11059
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