The use of sensitive and specific methods for rapid and reliable diagnosis is required due to the considerable impact of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in organ transplant recipients. For this purpose the demonstration of the presence of viral antigens in peripheral blood leukocytes (PMNLs) and of viral nucleic acids in the same cells or in sera would seem to be of valid support. The present study was designed to test pp65 antigen, HCMV DNA and HCMV late mRNA in order to provide clinical information for the management of the infection. Fifty solid organ recipients were monitored for six months after transplant. The data obtained from the various tests were analysed from the first evidence of HCMV infection revealed by positive antigenaemia and/or DNA-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In 3 asymptomatic and in 7 symptomatic patients, PCR became positive 1–2 weeks before antigenaemia but PCR did not discriminate the clinical evolution of HCMV infection. The antigenaemia test well correlated to the development of viral infection being positive in all symptomatics and in 31, 2% of asymptomatics. The antigenic load >100/2 × 105 positive cells was always associated with clinical signs of illness. The detection of late mRNA was more indicative of the virus replicative status in the follow-up of patients treated with ganciclovir. In some cases there was evidence, prior to the other two tests, the block of viral replication due to the antiviral therapy and in others the onset of HCMV infection relapse.

Monitoring for cytomegalovirus infection in organ transplant recipients: analysis of pp65 antigen, DNA and late mRNA in peripheral blood leukocytes

ANGELETTI S;
1997-01-01

Abstract

The use of sensitive and specific methods for rapid and reliable diagnosis is required due to the considerable impact of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in organ transplant recipients. For this purpose the demonstration of the presence of viral antigens in peripheral blood leukocytes (PMNLs) and of viral nucleic acids in the same cells or in sera would seem to be of valid support. The present study was designed to test pp65 antigen, HCMV DNA and HCMV late mRNA in order to provide clinical information for the management of the infection. Fifty solid organ recipients were monitored for six months after transplant. The data obtained from the various tests were analysed from the first evidence of HCMV infection revealed by positive antigenaemia and/or DNA-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In 3 asymptomatic and in 7 symptomatic patients, PCR became positive 1–2 weeks before antigenaemia but PCR did not discriminate the clinical evolution of HCMV infection. The antigenaemia test well correlated to the development of viral infection being positive in all symptomatics and in 31, 2% of asymptomatics. The antigenic load >100/2 × 105 positive cells was always associated with clinical signs of illness. The detection of late mRNA was more indicative of the virus replicative status in the follow-up of patients treated with ganciclovir. In some cases there was evidence, prior to the other two tests, the block of viral replication due to the antiviral therapy and in others the onset of HCMV infection relapse.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/1144
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