Several late complications jeopardize the clinical performance of recipients of the Fontan operation. The underlying causes have been referred to disturbed flow dynamics in the cavopulmonary connections. Presumably, the large pressure drops occurring in the inferior and superior connections play a pivotal role in the pressure level of the entire circulation, especially in the venous. To address this issue, we retrospectively reviewed catheterization data of six patients with failing Fontan circulation and compared them with those of six patients with functioning Fontan circulation. The impact on the systemic and pulmonary pressure of the increase in the cavopulmonary connection resistances was studied through a steady-state mathematical model of the univentricular closed-loop circulation. In the patients with failing Fontan, pressure in the venae cavae was found to be significantly higher, especially at the inferior cava (19.3 +/- 2.2 versus 12.5 +/- 2.3 mmHg) with the pressure drop at the inferior cavopulmonary connection significantly increased (4.7 +/- 3.1 versus 0.33 +/- 0.82 mmHg). The proposed mathematical model permits us to clearly relate the pressure increase in the venae cavae to an increased resistance in the cavopulmonary connections. Therefore, the present analysis confirms that, to avoid possible congestion of venous circulation, the definitive palliation of univentricular heart should not cause pressure drops at the cavopulmonary connections

ANALYSIS BY MATHEMATICAL MODEL OG HAEMODINAMYC DATA IN THE FAILING FONTAN CIRCULATION

USSIA G;
2001-01-01

Abstract

Several late complications jeopardize the clinical performance of recipients of the Fontan operation. The underlying causes have been referred to disturbed flow dynamics in the cavopulmonary connections. Presumably, the large pressure drops occurring in the inferior and superior connections play a pivotal role in the pressure level of the entire circulation, especially in the venous. To address this issue, we retrospectively reviewed catheterization data of six patients with failing Fontan circulation and compared them with those of six patients with functioning Fontan circulation. The impact on the systemic and pulmonary pressure of the increase in the cavopulmonary connection resistances was studied through a steady-state mathematical model of the univentricular closed-loop circulation. In the patients with failing Fontan, pressure in the venae cavae was found to be significantly higher, especially at the inferior cava (19.3 +/- 2.2 versus 12.5 +/- 2.3 mmHg) with the pressure drop at the inferior cavopulmonary connection significantly increased (4.7 +/- 3.1 versus 0.33 +/- 0.82 mmHg). The proposed mathematical model permits us to clearly relate the pressure increase in the venae cavae to an increased resistance in the cavopulmonary connections. Therefore, the present analysis confirms that, to avoid possible congestion of venous circulation, the definitive palliation of univentricular heart should not cause pressure drops at the cavopulmonary connections
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/1387
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