To investigate the prognostic role of thymidylate synthase (TS) polymorphisms in gastric cancer patients treated with radical surgery and fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:Ninety gastric cancer cases were identified among 187 patients previously enrolled in prospective case-control studies for disease susceptibility. Patients were genotyped for a G/C nucleotide change within a triple 28 bp variable number of tandem repeat sequence in the TS 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) and a 6 bp deletion in the TS 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). According to available functional data, patients with 5'-UTR 2R/2R, 2R/3C, 3C/3C genotypes were classified as low TS producers (5'-UTRlow) and patients with 5'-UTR 3G/3G, 3G/3C, 2R/3G genotypes as high TS producers (5'UTRhigh). Patients with 3'-UTR del6/del6 and del6/ins6 genotypes were classified as low TS producers (3'-UTRlow) and patients with 3'-UTR ins6/ins6 genotype as high TS producers (3'-UTRhigh). The prognostic analysis was based on 5'-UTR/3'-UTR combined genotypes.RESULTS:Ten patients (11%) were 5'-UTRhigh/3'-UTRhigh, 36 patients were 5'-UTRhigh/3'-UTRlow, 19 patients were 5'-UTRlow/3'-UTRhigh, and 25 patients were 5'-UTRlow/3'-UTRlow. 5'-UTRlow/3'-UTRlow patients showed the best outcome and the threshold of statistical significance was achieved in the comparison of disease-free survival and overall survival with 5'-UTRhigh/3'-UTRlow patients and 5'-UTRhigh/3'-UTRhigh patients. The presence of at least one high TS expression genotype showed independent adverse prognostic role in multivariate analysis.CONCLUSIONS:The prognostic role of TS polymorphisms in gastric cancer deserves further investigation because the adverse effect of high TS expression genotypes may be a relevant information to improve adjuvant chemotherapeutic strategies.

Prognostic role of thymidylate synthase polymorphisms in gastric cancer patients treated with surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy

Santini D;Perrone G;Rabitti C;Tonini G;
2005-01-01

Abstract

To investigate the prognostic role of thymidylate synthase (TS) polymorphisms in gastric cancer patients treated with radical surgery and fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:Ninety gastric cancer cases were identified among 187 patients previously enrolled in prospective case-control studies for disease susceptibility. Patients were genotyped for a G/C nucleotide change within a triple 28 bp variable number of tandem repeat sequence in the TS 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) and a 6 bp deletion in the TS 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). According to available functional data, patients with 5'-UTR 2R/2R, 2R/3C, 3C/3C genotypes were classified as low TS producers (5'-UTRlow) and patients with 5'-UTR 3G/3G, 3G/3C, 2R/3G genotypes as high TS producers (5'UTRhigh). Patients with 3'-UTR del6/del6 and del6/ins6 genotypes were classified as low TS producers (3'-UTRlow) and patients with 3'-UTR ins6/ins6 genotype as high TS producers (3'-UTRhigh). The prognostic analysis was based on 5'-UTR/3'-UTR combined genotypes.RESULTS:Ten patients (11%) were 5'-UTRhigh/3'-UTRhigh, 36 patients were 5'-UTRhigh/3'-UTRlow, 19 patients were 5'-UTRlow/3'-UTRhigh, and 25 patients were 5'-UTRlow/3'-UTRlow. 5'-UTRlow/3'-UTRlow patients showed the best outcome and the threshold of statistical significance was achieved in the comparison of disease-free survival and overall survival with 5'-UTRhigh/3'-UTRlow patients and 5'-UTRhigh/3'-UTRhigh patients. The presence of at least one high TS expression genotype showed independent adverse prognostic role in multivariate analysis.CONCLUSIONS:The prognostic role of TS polymorphisms in gastric cancer deserves further investigation because the adverse effect of high TS expression genotypes may be a relevant information to improve adjuvant chemotherapeutic strategies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/1422
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