The aim of the study was to evaluate hearing thresholds in 38 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, divided according to disease activity into active (group A, n = 20) and non-active (group B, n = 18) patients. Pure tone audiometry, tympanometry and complete rheumatological assessment were performed. All patients presented poorer auditory thresholds compared with controls. Patients of group A had both air and bone conduction thresholds poorer than group B (although not statistically significant), and most patients of both groups presented an air-bone (a-b) gap. No significant difference in middle ear pressure was noticed between patients and controls. No correlation between hearing impairment and duration of the disease or patients' age was found. The high prevalence of hearing loss in autoimmune diseases supports the importance of audiometric evaluation in such patients. The auditory recovery through middle ear surgery before cranial nerve involvement could be considered in selected patients. Further investigations are needed for a better knowledge of the middle and inner ear involvement in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Hearing thresholds in patients affected by rheumatoid arthritis

Salvinelli F;Cancilleri F;Casale M;Denaro V
2004-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate hearing thresholds in 38 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, divided according to disease activity into active (group A, n = 20) and non-active (group B, n = 18) patients. Pure tone audiometry, tympanometry and complete rheumatological assessment were performed. All patients presented poorer auditory thresholds compared with controls. Patients of group A had both air and bone conduction thresholds poorer than group B (although not statistically significant), and most patients of both groups presented an air-bone (a-b) gap. No significant difference in middle ear pressure was noticed between patients and controls. No correlation between hearing impairment and duration of the disease or patients' age was found. The high prevalence of hearing loss in autoimmune diseases supports the importance of audiometric evaluation in such patients. The auditory recovery through middle ear surgery before cranial nerve involvement could be considered in selected patients. Further investigations are needed for a better knowledge of the middle and inner ear involvement in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/1459
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