Motor representations express some degree of somatotopy in human primary motor hand area (M1(HAND)), but within-M1(HAND) corticomotor somatotopy has been difficult to study with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Here we introduce a "linear" TMS mapping approach based on the individual shape of the central sulcus to obtain mediolateral corticomotor excitability profiles of the abductor digiti minimi (ADM) and first dorsal interosseus (FDI) muscles. In thirteen young volunteers, we used stereotactic neuronavigation to stimulate the right M1(HAND) with a small eight-shaped coil at 120% of FDI resting motor threshold. We pseudorandomly stimulated six targets located on a straight mediolateral line corresponding to the overall orientation of the central sulcus with a fixed coil orientation of 45 degrees to the mid-sagittal line (STRAIGHT-45(FIX)(0)) or seven targets in the posterior part of the crown of the central sulcus following the bending of the central sulcus (CURVED). CURVED mapping employed a fixed (CURVED-45(FIX)(0)) or flexible coil orientation producing always a current perpendicular to the sulcal wall (CURVED-90(FLEX)(0)). During relaxation, CURVED but not STRAIGHT mapping revealed distinct corticomotor excitability peaks in M1(HAND) with the excitability maximum of ADM located medially to the FDI maximum. This mediolateral somatotopy was still present during tonic contraction of the ADM or FDI. During ADM contraction, cross-correlation between the spatial excitability profiles of ADM and FDI was lowest for CURVED-90(FLEX)(0). Together, the results show that within-M1(HAND) somatotopy can be readily probed with linear TMS mapping aligned to the sulcal shape. Sulcus-aligned linear mapping will benefit non-invasive studies of representational plasticity in human M1(HAND). (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Bringing transcranial mapping into shape: Sulcus-aligned mapping captures motor somatotopy in human primary motor hand area

Di Lazzaro V;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Motor representations express some degree of somatotopy in human primary motor hand area (M1(HAND)), but within-M1(HAND) corticomotor somatotopy has been difficult to study with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Here we introduce a "linear" TMS mapping approach based on the individual shape of the central sulcus to obtain mediolateral corticomotor excitability profiles of the abductor digiti minimi (ADM) and first dorsal interosseus (FDI) muscles. In thirteen young volunteers, we used stereotactic neuronavigation to stimulate the right M1(HAND) with a small eight-shaped coil at 120% of FDI resting motor threshold. We pseudorandomly stimulated six targets located on a straight mediolateral line corresponding to the overall orientation of the central sulcus with a fixed coil orientation of 45 degrees to the mid-sagittal line (STRAIGHT-45(FIX)(0)) or seven targets in the posterior part of the crown of the central sulcus following the bending of the central sulcus (CURVED). CURVED mapping employed a fixed (CURVED-45(FIX)(0)) or flexible coil orientation producing always a current perpendicular to the sulcal wall (CURVED-90(FLEX)(0)). During relaxation, CURVED but not STRAIGHT mapping revealed distinct corticomotor excitability peaks in M1(HAND) with the excitability maximum of ADM located medially to the FDI maximum. This mediolateral somatotopy was still present during tonic contraction of the ADM or FDI. During ADM contraction, cross-correlation between the spatial excitability profiles of ADM and FDI was lowest for CURVED-90(FLEX)(0). Together, the results show that within-M1(HAND) somatotopy can be readily probed with linear TMS mapping aligned to the sulcal shape. Sulcus-aligned linear mapping will benefit non-invasive studies of representational plasticity in human M1(HAND). (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/1543
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