Abstract—Impaired gallbladder motility may contribute to gallstone pathogenesis by providing time for nucleation and aggregation of cholesterol crystals. Simultaneous scintigraphic-ultrasonographic techniques have been proposed to assess alternating phases of gallbladder emptying and filling. To evaluate patterns of gallbladder motility and of postprandial bile flow by means of a single ultrasonographic technique, 12 healthy volunteers and 20 gallstone patients underwent minute-by-minute gallbladder ultrasonography for 3 h postprandially. Mathematical analysis of volume measurements was used to estimate hepatic and cholecystic bile flux through the gallbladder. Compared to controls, gallstone patients showed greater amounts of unexchanged cholecystic-tohepatic bile (11% vs. 1%, p < .001) and most of them showed impaired gallbladder washout efficacy. Utrasonographic values of bile exchanges were similar to those derived from scintigraphic-sonographic studies in comparable groups of subjects. This study provides new ultrasonographic variables, which better express gallbladder bile retention in gallstone patients and strongly discriminate gallstone patients from

ULTRASONOGRAPHIC ASSESSMNENT OF GALLBLADDER BILE EXCHANGES IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS AND IN GALLSTONES PATIENTS

GUARINO M P L;ALLONI R
2001-01-01

Abstract

Abstract—Impaired gallbladder motility may contribute to gallstone pathogenesis by providing time for nucleation and aggregation of cholesterol crystals. Simultaneous scintigraphic-ultrasonographic techniques have been proposed to assess alternating phases of gallbladder emptying and filling. To evaluate patterns of gallbladder motility and of postprandial bile flow by means of a single ultrasonographic technique, 12 healthy volunteers and 20 gallstone patients underwent minute-by-minute gallbladder ultrasonography for 3 h postprandially. Mathematical analysis of volume measurements was used to estimate hepatic and cholecystic bile flux through the gallbladder. Compared to controls, gallstone patients showed greater amounts of unexchanged cholecystic-tohepatic bile (11% vs. 1%, p < .001) and most of them showed impaired gallbladder washout efficacy. Utrasonographic values of bile exchanges were similar to those derived from scintigraphic-sonographic studies in comparable groups of subjects. This study provides new ultrasonographic variables, which better express gallbladder bile retention in gallstone patients and strongly discriminate gallstone patients from
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/201
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