In type I diabetes, a number of specific and non-specific antigens have been identified. The major autoantigens involved in the destructive process of beta -cells leading to the development of type I diabetes are proinsulin/insulin, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and the transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase (IA-2). These are the only autoantigens that partially satisfy the criteria by which an autoantigen or cross-reactive nonself antigen could be evaluated for a pathogenic role in autoimmune diseases. Antigens by definition induce antibody production and in type I diabetes, such (auto) antibodies are accepted as biochemical markers for the disease. Here we describe the main features and usefulness of these markers for disease prediction.

Biochemical markers of type 1 diabetes: clinical use

Pozzilli P;Manfrini S;
2001-01-01

Abstract

In type I diabetes, a number of specific and non-specific antigens have been identified. The major autoantigens involved in the destructive process of beta -cells leading to the development of type I diabetes are proinsulin/insulin, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and the transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase (IA-2). These are the only autoantigens that partially satisfy the criteria by which an autoantigen or cross-reactive nonself antigen could be evaluated for a pathogenic role in autoimmune diseases. Antigens by definition induce antibody production and in type I diabetes, such (auto) antibodies are accepted as biochemical markers for the disease. Here we describe the main features and usefulness of these markers for disease prediction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/2055
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