OBJECTIVES To report the data from a single series of 46 patients who underwent cystectomy and Padua ileal bladder (PIB) substitution during a 48-month period. Data are lacking concerning the changes in urodynamic characteristics of the orthotopic ileal neobladder. METHODS From January 2002 to April 2003, 46 consecutive male patients underwent radical cystectomy and PIB substitution for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Uroflowmetry, cystometry, and urethral pressure profilometry were analyzed at 12 and 48 months after surgery. All patients were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding quality of life (the European Organization for Cancer Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire and the bladder cancer-specific module). RESULTS Of the 46 patients, 8 were lost to follow-up because of cancer-related death. When comparing the 12- and 48-month urodynamic characteristics, no significant changes were observed in cystometric capacity or urethral closing pressure. However, the end-filling pressure, peak flow pressure, and postvoid residual urine volume were significantly lower at the 48-month evaluation (P = .0005, P = .0007, and P = .013, respectively). The number of involuntary contractions at 48 months had increased significantly (P = .0012), and the amplitude of the contractions was comparable (P = .084). The daytime continence rate was 96% and 90% at 12 and 48 months, respectively. The nighttime continence rate was 60% at the 48-month evaluation. The questionnaires about the quality of life highlighted the excellent results. CONCLUSIONS An ileal tone is maintained despite detubularization and most likely prevents enlargement of the neobladder. PIB was revealed to maintain an adequate capacity and low pressure during a 48-month period. The urodynamics results and quality of life support this urinary diversion as a valid treatment option for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. UROLOGY 73: 1357-1362, 2009. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc.

Early and Late Urodynamic Assessment of Padua Ileal Bladder

Buscarini M.;Papalia R.;Alcini A.;Flammia G. P.;
2009-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To report the data from a single series of 46 patients who underwent cystectomy and Padua ileal bladder (PIB) substitution during a 48-month period. Data are lacking concerning the changes in urodynamic characteristics of the orthotopic ileal neobladder. METHODS From January 2002 to April 2003, 46 consecutive male patients underwent radical cystectomy and PIB substitution for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Uroflowmetry, cystometry, and urethral pressure profilometry were analyzed at 12 and 48 months after surgery. All patients were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding quality of life (the European Organization for Cancer Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire and the bladder cancer-specific module). RESULTS Of the 46 patients, 8 were lost to follow-up because of cancer-related death. When comparing the 12- and 48-month urodynamic characteristics, no significant changes were observed in cystometric capacity or urethral closing pressure. However, the end-filling pressure, peak flow pressure, and postvoid residual urine volume were significantly lower at the 48-month evaluation (P = .0005, P = .0007, and P = .013, respectively). The number of involuntary contractions at 48 months had increased significantly (P = .0012), and the amplitude of the contractions was comparable (P = .084). The daytime continence rate was 96% and 90% at 12 and 48 months, respectively. The nighttime continence rate was 60% at the 48-month evaluation. The questionnaires about the quality of life highlighted the excellent results. CONCLUSIONS An ileal tone is maintained despite detubularization and most likely prevents enlargement of the neobladder. PIB was revealed to maintain an adequate capacity and low pressure during a 48-month period. The urodynamics results and quality of life support this urinary diversion as a valid treatment option for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. UROLOGY 73: 1357-1362, 2009. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc.
afferent tubular segment; quality of life; urinary diversion
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/2789
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