In patients with knee osteoarthritis, when only medial or lateral compartment of the knee is involved, unicompartimental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a reliable option for addressing the symptoms and restore function. The main aim of the present review is to systematically collect the available evidence concerning the return to sport activity in the elderly patients after UKA. An electronic search was carried out on the following databases; Pubmed-Medline, Cochrane central, and Scopus, searching for randomized controlled trials, prospective cohort studies, retrospective case-control studies, and case series. Data concerning the evaluation of the return to sport (RTS) and of functional outcomes in the elderly patients after UKA surgery. MINORS score was used to assess the risk of methodological biases. Odds ratios and raw proportions were used to report the pooled effect of UKA on the return to sport in comparative and non-comparative studies, respectively. Same level RTS in elderly patients was of 86% (pooled return proportion 0.86, 95%CI 0.78, 0.94), showing also better relative RTS and time to RTS of patients undergoing UKA, in comparison to those undergoing TKA. Sport-specific RTS showed that higher return rates were observed for low-impact sports, whereas high-impact sports prevented a full return to activities. UKA is a valid and reliable option for elderly patients to satisfactorily resume their sport practice, especially for low impact activities. The rate of return to sports following UKA is higher than TKA.

Return to Sport Activity in the Elderly Patients after Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Papalia R;De Vincentis A;
2020-01-01

Abstract

In patients with knee osteoarthritis, when only medial or lateral compartment of the knee is involved, unicompartimental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a reliable option for addressing the symptoms and restore function. The main aim of the present review is to systematically collect the available evidence concerning the return to sport activity in the elderly patients after UKA. An electronic search was carried out on the following databases; Pubmed-Medline, Cochrane central, and Scopus, searching for randomized controlled trials, prospective cohort studies, retrospective case-control studies, and case series. Data concerning the evaluation of the return to sport (RTS) and of functional outcomes in the elderly patients after UKA surgery. MINORS score was used to assess the risk of methodological biases. Odds ratios and raw proportions were used to report the pooled effect of UKA on the return to sport in comparative and non-comparative studies, respectively. Same level RTS in elderly patients was of 86% (pooled return proportion 0.86, 95%CI 0.78, 0.94), showing also better relative RTS and time to RTS of patients undergoing UKA, in comparison to those undergoing TKA. Sport-specific RTS showed that higher return rates were observed for low-impact sports, whereas high-impact sports prevented a full return to activities. UKA is a valid and reliable option for elderly patients to satisfactorily resume their sport practice, especially for low impact activities. The rate of return to sports following UKA is higher than TKA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/3428
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