Objective. To identify theories applied in interventions promoting healthy nutritionamong community-dwelling older adults and determine the efficacy of theories in changingknowledge, attitudes, and behaviors.Material and methods. The PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and ERIC databases weresearched for English articles from January 1990 to December 2015. Mono or multicomponentrandomized controlled trial studies were included, whereas research on nutritionalinterventions related to acute or chronic diseases were excluded.Results. Eight articles satisfied the inclusion criteria. Only three articles referred explicitlyto health promotion theories. Nutritional programs varied in terms of contents,outcomes, lengths of interventions and follow-up. Pooling the results and identifying themost effective theories were therefore impossible.Conclusions. Although researchers and practitioners recognize the significance of theoreticalmodels in guiding the health-promoting interventions, referring to a theoreticalmodel for such interventions is still relatively recent.

Health-promotion theories in nutritional interventions for community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review

MATARESE M;De Marinis MG
2017-01-01

Abstract

Objective. To identify theories applied in interventions promoting healthy nutritionamong community-dwelling older adults and determine the efficacy of theories in changingknowledge, attitudes, and behaviors.Material and methods. The PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and ERIC databases weresearched for English articles from January 1990 to December 2015. Mono or multicomponentrandomized controlled trial studies were included, whereas research on nutritionalinterventions related to acute or chronic diseases were excluded.Results. Eight articles satisfied the inclusion criteria. Only three articles referred explicitlyto health promotion theories. Nutritional programs varied in terms of contents,outcomes, lengths of interventions and follow-up. Pooling the results and identifying themost effective theories were therefore impossible.Conclusions. Although researchers and practitioners recognize the significance of theoreticalmodels in guiding the health-promoting interventions, referring to a theoreticalmodel for such interventions is still relatively recent.
2017
OLDER ADULTS; NUTRITION; HEALTH PROMOTION
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/3801
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