: Bone marrow cells concentrate (BMCs) is a source of osteoprogenitor cells and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a source of growth factors. The objective of the study was to determine whether BMC and PRP could increase the potential of bone allograft to induce posterolateral-lumbar spinal fusion compared to the bone allograft alone. A prospective nonrandomized radiographic study has been conduced on 10 patients with posterolateral instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disease with 1-year follow-up using CT scan. A fresh frozen bone allograft alone and bone allograft with a mixture of autologous BMC and PRP blended with thrombin were apposed in the right and left posterolateral side, respectively. CT showed good right fusion masses (allograft alone) in 4 patients and poor in 6; good left masses (BMC and PRP plus allograft) in 9 patients and poor in 1. The differences detected between right-side and left-side masses show an advantage in adding BMC and PRP to the bone allograft to increase spinal fusion rate.

Autologous bone marrow concentrate combined with platelet-rich plasma enhance bone allograft potential to induce spinal fusion.

Vadalà G;Russo F;Tirindelli MC;Papalia R;Denaro V.
2016-01-01

Abstract

: Bone marrow cells concentrate (BMCs) is a source of osteoprogenitor cells and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a source of growth factors. The objective of the study was to determine whether BMC and PRP could increase the potential of bone allograft to induce posterolateral-lumbar spinal fusion compared to the bone allograft alone. A prospective nonrandomized radiographic study has been conduced on 10 patients with posterolateral instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disease with 1-year follow-up using CT scan. A fresh frozen bone allograft alone and bone allograft with a mixture of autologous BMC and PRP blended with thrombin were apposed in the right and left posterolateral side, respectively. CT showed good right fusion masses (allograft alone) in 4 patients and poor in 6; good left masses (BMC and PRP plus allograft) in 9 patients and poor in 1. The differences detected between right-side and left-side masses show an advantage in adding BMC and PRP to the bone allograft to increase spinal fusion rate.
Bone Transplantation
Humans
Lumbar Vertebrae
Prospective Studies
Spinal Fusion
Treatment Outcome
Allografts
Bone Marrow
Platelet-Rich Plasma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/4348
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