Objectives: Imaging and neurophysiological data shows that the cortical disfunction caused by focal epilepsy is not limited to the epileptic focus, thus raising the modern vision of focal epilepsy as a network disorder. The involvement of deep thalamo-cortical projections in temporal lobe epilepsy is a clear example. We aimed at demonstrating the interictal functional impairment of thalamo-cortical network in drug-naive TLE patients through the study of high frequency oscillations of somatosensory evoked potentials (HF-SEP). Methods: Twelve healthy controls (HC; 8 females, 52.2 +/- 17.3 years-old) and 12 drug-naive TLE patients (8 females, 55.5 +/- 21.5 years-old) underwent bilateral median HF-SEP, recorded by scalp electrodes. Cp3'Fz and Cp4'-Fz traces were filtered (400-800 Hz) to evidence HF-SEP. Results: HF-SEP duration in the affected hemisphere was significantly longer when compared to that of both the unaffected hemisphere and HC hemispheres. No significant inter-hemispheric differences were found in areas, powers and latencies of HF-SEP wavelets. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that TLE induces early interictal functional impairments of the thalamo-cortical network. Significance: Our data strongly corroborates the vision of focal epilepsy as a network disorder and offers a new neurophysiological tool to test pharmacological, surgical and neuromodulatory therapies. (C) 2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Thalamo-cortical network dysfunction in temporal lobe epilepsy

Assenza G;Tombini M;Di Lazzaro V
2020-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Imaging and neurophysiological data shows that the cortical disfunction caused by focal epilepsy is not limited to the epileptic focus, thus raising the modern vision of focal epilepsy as a network disorder. The involvement of deep thalamo-cortical projections in temporal lobe epilepsy is a clear example. We aimed at demonstrating the interictal functional impairment of thalamo-cortical network in drug-naive TLE patients through the study of high frequency oscillations of somatosensory evoked potentials (HF-SEP). Methods: Twelve healthy controls (HC; 8 females, 52.2 +/- 17.3 years-old) and 12 drug-naive TLE patients (8 females, 55.5 +/- 21.5 years-old) underwent bilateral median HF-SEP, recorded by scalp electrodes. Cp3'Fz and Cp4'-Fz traces were filtered (400-800 Hz) to evidence HF-SEP. Results: HF-SEP duration in the affected hemisphere was significantly longer when compared to that of both the unaffected hemisphere and HC hemispheres. No significant inter-hemispheric differences were found in areas, powers and latencies of HF-SEP wavelets. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that TLE induces early interictal functional impairments of the thalamo-cortical network. Significance: Our data strongly corroborates the vision of focal epilepsy as a network disorder and offers a new neurophysiological tool to test pharmacological, surgical and neuromodulatory therapies. (C) 2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/4701
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