Topic: To focus on endogenous endophthalmitis management, particularly etiology-based medical and surgical therapy. Methods: Literature search of published studies from July 1990 to February 2019 on endogenous endophthalmitis available on PubMed was made without any language constraints. Results: A total of 78 articles were retrieved from 728 initially analyzed and 62 studies were included. Although the superiority of vitrectomy over tap and inject techniques is controversial, the most recent publications favor an early surgical approach for endogenous endophthalmitis. Vitrectomy is useful in severe cases complicated by marked vitreous opacity, retinal detachment, poor initial visual acuity, and more virulent pathogens. Oral or intravenous antibiotics are also necessary to treat systemic infection. Vitrectomy is superior to blood cultures in diagnosing the etiology of infection. Conclusions: Endogenous endophthalmitis is an important cause of visual acuity impairment. Prompt treatment with appropriate use of pharmacological or surgical therapy is mandatory to preserve visual function. Abbreviations: IOP: intra-ocular pressure; AIDS: acquired immune deficiency syndrome; EVS: endophthalmitis vitrectomy study; CEVE: complete and early vitrectomy for endophthalmitis.

Does Endogenous Endophthalmitis Need a More Aggressive Treatment?

Di Zazzo A;Bonini S;Coassin M
2020-01-01

Abstract

Topic: To focus on endogenous endophthalmitis management, particularly etiology-based medical and surgical therapy. Methods: Literature search of published studies from July 1990 to February 2019 on endogenous endophthalmitis available on PubMed was made without any language constraints. Results: A total of 78 articles were retrieved from 728 initially analyzed and 62 studies were included. Although the superiority of vitrectomy over tap and inject techniques is controversial, the most recent publications favor an early surgical approach for endogenous endophthalmitis. Vitrectomy is useful in severe cases complicated by marked vitreous opacity, retinal detachment, poor initial visual acuity, and more virulent pathogens. Oral or intravenous antibiotics are also necessary to treat systemic infection. Vitrectomy is superior to blood cultures in diagnosing the etiology of infection. Conclusions: Endogenous endophthalmitis is an important cause of visual acuity impairment. Prompt treatment with appropriate use of pharmacological or surgical therapy is mandatory to preserve visual function. Abbreviations: IOP: intra-ocular pressure; AIDS: acquired immune deficiency syndrome; EVS: endophthalmitis vitrectomy study; CEVE: complete and early vitrectomy for endophthalmitis.
2020
Endogenous; endophthalmitis;treatment; vitrectomy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/5362
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