The β-cells dynamics is the regulator of insulin secretion in the pancreas, and its investigation is a central aspect in designing effective treatment strategies for diabetes. Despite great efforts, much is still unknown about the complex organization of such endocrine cells and realistic mathematical modeling represents a useful tool to elucidate key aspects of glucose control in humans. In this contribution, we study the human β-cells collective behaviour, by modeling their electric and metabolic coupling in a cluster, of size and architecture similar to human islets of Langerhans. We focus on the effect of coupling on various dynamics regimes observed in the islets, that are spiking and bursting on multiple timescales. In particular, we test the effect of hubs, that are highly glucose-sensitive β-cells, on the overall network dynamics, observing different modulation depending on the timescale of the dynamics. By properly taking into account the role of cells heterogeneity, recently emerged, our model effectively describes the effect of hubs on the synchronization of the islet response and the correlation of β-cells activity.

Biophysical modeling of β-cells networks: Realistic architectures and heterogeneity effects

Loppini A.
;
Chiodo L.
2019-01-01

Abstract

The β-cells dynamics is the regulator of insulin secretion in the pancreas, and its investigation is a central aspect in designing effective treatment strategies for diabetes. Despite great efforts, much is still unknown about the complex organization of such endocrine cells and realistic mathematical modeling represents a useful tool to elucidate key aspects of glucose control in humans. In this contribution, we study the human β-cells collective behaviour, by modeling their electric and metabolic coupling in a cluster, of size and architecture similar to human islets of Langerhans. We focus on the effect of coupling on various dynamics regimes observed in the islets, that are spiking and bursting on multiple timescales. In particular, we test the effect of hubs, that are highly glucose-sensitive β-cells, on the overall network dynamics, observing different modulation depending on the timescale of the dynamics. By properly taking into account the role of cells heterogeneity, recently emerged, our model effectively describes the effect of hubs on the synchronization of the islet response and the correlation of β-cells activity.
2019
β-cells heterogeneity, Metabolic coupling, Electric coupling, Glucose, Human islet
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/56095
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact