Background: to evaluate whether Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values of invasive breast cancer, provided by 3T Diffusion Weighted-Images (DWI), may represent a non-invasive predictor of pathophysiologic tumor aggressiveness. Methods: 100 Patients with histologically proven invasive breast cancers who underwent a 3T-MRI examination were included in the study. All MRI examinations included dynamic contrast-enhanced and DWI/ADC sequences. ADC value were calculated for each lesion. Tumor grade was determined according to the Nottingham Grading System, and immuno-histochemical analysis was performed to assess molecular receptors, cellularity rate, on both biopsy and surgical specimens, and proliferation rate (Ki-67 index). Spearman’s Rho test was used to correlate ADC values with histological (grading, Ki-67 index and cellularity) and MRI features. ADC values were compared among the different grading (G1, G2, G3), Ki-67 (<20% and >20%) and cellularity groups (<50%, 50–70% and >70%), using Mann–Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. ROC curves were performed to demonstrate the accuracy of the ADC values in predicting the grading, Ki-67 index and cellularity groups. Results: ADC values correlated significantly with grading, ER receptor status, Ki-67 index and cellularity rates. ADC values were significantly higher for G1 compared with G2 and for G1 compared with G3 and for Ki-67 < 20% than Ki-67 > 20%. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed that ADC values were significantly different among the three grading groups, the three biopsy cellularity groups and the three surgical cellularity groups. The best ROC curves were obtained for the G3 group (AUC of 0.720), for G2 + G3 (AUC of 0.835), for Ki-67 > 20% (AUC of 0.679) and for surgical cellularity rate > 70% (AUC of 0.805). Conclusions: 3T-DWI ADC is a direct predictor of cellular aggressiveness and proliferation in invasive breast carcinoma, and can be used as a supporting non-invasive factor to characterize macroscopic lesion behavior especially before surgery.

On the additional information provided by 3t-mri adc in predicting tumor cellularity and microscopic behavior

Santucci D.;Faiella E.;Beomonte Zobel B.;Iannello G.;Soda P.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: to evaluate whether Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values of invasive breast cancer, provided by 3T Diffusion Weighted-Images (DWI), may represent a non-invasive predictor of pathophysiologic tumor aggressiveness. Methods: 100 Patients with histologically proven invasive breast cancers who underwent a 3T-MRI examination were included in the study. All MRI examinations included dynamic contrast-enhanced and DWI/ADC sequences. ADC value were calculated for each lesion. Tumor grade was determined according to the Nottingham Grading System, and immuno-histochemical analysis was performed to assess molecular receptors, cellularity rate, on both biopsy and surgical specimens, and proliferation rate (Ki-67 index). Spearman’s Rho test was used to correlate ADC values with histological (grading, Ki-67 index and cellularity) and MRI features. ADC values were compared among the different grading (G1, G2, G3), Ki-67 (<20% and >20%) and cellularity groups (<50%, 50–70% and >70%), using Mann–Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. ROC curves were performed to demonstrate the accuracy of the ADC values in predicting the grading, Ki-67 index and cellularity groups. Results: ADC values correlated significantly with grading, ER receptor status, Ki-67 index and cellularity rates. ADC values were significantly higher for G1 compared with G2 and for G1 compared with G3 and for Ki-67 < 20% than Ki-67 > 20%. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed that ADC values were significantly different among the three grading groups, the three biopsy cellularity groups and the three surgical cellularity groups. The best ROC curves were obtained for the G3 group (AUC of 0.720), for G2 + G3 (AUC of 0.835), for Ki-67 > 20% (AUC of 0.679) and for surgical cellularity rate > 70% (AUC of 0.805). Conclusions: 3T-DWI ADC is a direct predictor of cellular aggressiveness and proliferation in invasive breast carcinoma, and can be used as a supporting non-invasive factor to characterize macroscopic lesion behavior especially before surgery.
2021
3T-MRI
Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)
Breast cancer
Cellularity
Grading
Ki-67 index
Tumor aggressiveness
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/65286
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