INTRODUCTION:The clinical management of chronic cough patients is challenging, and their response to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is considered as unsatisfactory. Few data concerning the association between impedance-pH variables and PPI response in these patients are available. Mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) and postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index increase the diagnostic yield of impedance-pH in gastroesophageal reflux disease.METHODS:Demographic, clinical, and endoscopy findings; impedance-pH; and high-resolution manometry tracings from consecutive patients assessed for cough were evaluated. Univariable and multivariable regression models were generated to evaluate the association between impedance-pH and high-resolution manometry findings, endoscopic and clinical characteristics, and PPI response.RESULTS:A total of 178 patients were included. Eighty-four of 178 cough patients (47.2%) displayed grade C-D erosive esophagitis or were characterized by a pathological acid exposure time (AET) and/or positive symptom association probability/symptom index. When also considering MNBI and PSPW, 135 of 178 patients (75.8%) were characterized by the evidence of reflux disease (P < 0.001). Eighty patients (44.9%) had cough responding to PPIs, whereas 98 (55.1%) were nonresponders (P = 0.071). At the receiver operating characteristic analysis, both PSPW index and MNBI were associated to PPI responsiveness. MNBI and PSPW index showed higher sensitivity in predicting PPI response compared with AET and symptom association probability/symptom index. The area under the curves of MNBI and PSPW index were significantly higher than that of AET (P < 0.01 for both comparisons). When patients were stratified according to AET and excluding those with erosive esophagitis, pathological MNBI or PSPW index, hiatal hernia, and hypomotility features were associated to PPI response in all groups.DISCUSSION:Our results demonstrate the usefulness of an up-front esophageal testing in discriminating reflux-related cough patients and predicting PPI response.

The Results From Up-Front Esophageal Testing Predict Proton Pump Inhibitor Response in Patients With Chronic Cough

Ribolsi M.;Guarino M.;Altomare A.;Petitti T.;Cicala M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:The clinical management of chronic cough patients is challenging, and their response to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is considered as unsatisfactory. Few data concerning the association between impedance-pH variables and PPI response in these patients are available. Mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) and postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index increase the diagnostic yield of impedance-pH in gastroesophageal reflux disease.METHODS:Demographic, clinical, and endoscopy findings; impedance-pH; and high-resolution manometry tracings from consecutive patients assessed for cough were evaluated. Univariable and multivariable regression models were generated to evaluate the association between impedance-pH and high-resolution manometry findings, endoscopic and clinical characteristics, and PPI response.RESULTS:A total of 178 patients were included. Eighty-four of 178 cough patients (47.2%) displayed grade C-D erosive esophagitis or were characterized by a pathological acid exposure time (AET) and/or positive symptom association probability/symptom index. When also considering MNBI and PSPW, 135 of 178 patients (75.8%) were characterized by the evidence of reflux disease (P < 0.001). Eighty patients (44.9%) had cough responding to PPIs, whereas 98 (55.1%) were nonresponders (P = 0.071). At the receiver operating characteristic analysis, both PSPW index and MNBI were associated to PPI responsiveness. MNBI and PSPW index showed higher sensitivity in predicting PPI response compared with AET and symptom association probability/symptom index. The area under the curves of MNBI and PSPW index were significantly higher than that of AET (P < 0.01 for both comparisons). When patients were stratified according to AET and excluding those with erosive esophagitis, pathological MNBI or PSPW index, hiatal hernia, and hypomotility features were associated to PPI response in all groups.DISCUSSION:Our results demonstrate the usefulness of an up-front esophageal testing in discriminating reflux-related cough patients and predicting PPI response.
Middle Aged; Predictive Value of Tests; Proton Pump Inhibitors; Retrospective Studies; Young Adult
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/67093
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