We evaluated the predictive power of age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score on mortality at 5-year follow-up in a population of 471 patients with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients in the ACEF-High tertile showed the highest incidence of death at 5 years (15.7% vs. 2.6% in ACEF-Low and 4.3% in ACEF-Mid; log rank p<0.001). The ACEF score could significantly discriminate between patients who died and those who were still alive at 5 years (AUC 0.741, 95% CI 0.654-0.828), and an ACEF score >1.32 was identified as the optimal cutoff point to predict 5-year mortality (sensitivity 74%, specificity 68%). An ACEF score >1.32 was an independent predictor of 5-year mortality (HR 5.77, 95% CI 2.70-12.31; p<0.001). Our study shows that the ACEF score can predict mortality at 5-year follow-up in patients with CCS treated with PCI.

Prediction of 5-Year Mortality in Patients with Chronic Coronary Syndrome Treated with Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Role of the ACEF Score

Mangiacapra, Fabio;Nusca, Annunziata;Melfi, Rosetta;Ussia, Gian Paolo;Grigioni, Francesco
2021-01-01

Abstract

We evaluated the predictive power of age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score on mortality at 5-year follow-up in a population of 471 patients with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients in the ACEF-High tertile showed the highest incidence of death at 5 years (15.7% vs. 2.6% in ACEF-Low and 4.3% in ACEF-Mid; log rank p<0.001). The ACEF score could significantly discriminate between patients who died and those who were still alive at 5 years (AUC 0.741, 95% CI 0.654-0.828), and an ACEF score >1.32 was identified as the optimal cutoff point to predict 5-year mortality (sensitivity 74%, specificity 68%). An ACEF score >1.32 was an independent predictor of 5-year mortality (HR 5.77, 95% CI 2.70-12.31; p<0.001). Our study shows that the ACEF score can predict mortality at 5-year follow-up in patients with CCS treated with PCI.
2021
ACEF score
Chronic coronary syndrome
Percutaneous coronary intervention
Age Factors
Aged
Biomarkers
Chronic Disease
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Disease
Creatinine
Female
Humans
Italy
Male
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Prospective Studies
Stroke Volume
Syndrome
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/67108
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