We investigated the interaction between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and high platelet reactivity (HPR) in determining long-term clinical outcomes following elective PCI for stable coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 500 patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel were divided based on the presence of CKD (defined as glomerular filtration rate of < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2) and HPR (defined as a P2Y12 reaction unit value ≥ 240 at VerifyNow assay). Primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse clinical events (MACE) at 5 years. Patients with both CKD and HPR showed the highest estimates of MACE (25.6%, p = 0.005), all-cause death (17.9%, p = 0.004), and cardiac death (7.7%, p = 0.004). The combination of CKD and HPR was an independent predictor of MACE (HR 3.12, 95% CI 1.46-6.68, p = 0.003). In conclusion, the combination of CKD and HPR identifies a cohort of patients with the highest risk of MACE at 5 years.

Impact of Chronic Kidney Disease and Platelet Reactivity on Clinical Outcomes Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Mangiacapra, Fabio;Spoto, Silvia;Ussia, Gian Paolo;Grigioni, Francesco
2021-01-01

Abstract

We investigated the interaction between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and high platelet reactivity (HPR) in determining long-term clinical outcomes following elective PCI for stable coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 500 patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel were divided based on the presence of CKD (defined as glomerular filtration rate of < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2) and HPR (defined as a P2Y12 reaction unit value ≥ 240 at VerifyNow assay). Primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse clinical events (MACE) at 5 years. Patients with both CKD and HPR showed the highest estimates of MACE (25.6%, p = 0.005), all-cause death (17.9%, p = 0.004), and cardiac death (7.7%, p = 0.004). The combination of CKD and HPR was an independent predictor of MACE (HR 3.12, 95% CI 1.46-6.68, p = 0.003). In conclusion, the combination of CKD and HPR identifies a cohort of patients with the highest risk of MACE at 5 years.
Chronic kidney disease
Coronary artery disease
Percutaneous coronary intervention
Platelet reactivity
Aged
Coronary Angiography
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Plaque, Atherosclerotic
Platelet Count
Registries
ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Sensitivity and Specificity
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Platelet Function Tests
Tomography, Optical Coherence
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/67109
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