Purpose: Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA) recorded an increased incidence of around 30% per year in the United States. Patient’s experience and satisfaction after surgery were traditionally assessed by pre, and post-surgical scores and Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) scales. Traditional scales as Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Oxford Knee Score (OKS) reported high ceiling effect. Patients treated by UKA usually perform well; therefore, it is necessary to have a PROMs’ scale with a low ceiling effect as the Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12). PROMs have to be validated in the local language to be used. This study aims to perform a psychometric validation of the Italian version of FJS-12 for UKA for the first time. Methods: Between January 2019 and October 2019, 44 patients were included. Each patient completed both the FJS-12 Italian version and the WOMAC Italian version in preoperative follow-up, after 2-week and 1-month, 3-month, and 6-month postoperative follow-up. Cronbach’s α, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM), and minimal detectable change (MDC) were calculated to evaluate the reliability. The Pearson coefficient was used to assess validity. The Effect Size (ES) was used to test the responsiveness. Results: A range of Cronbach’s α between 0.90 and 0.95 indicated good internal consistency for the FJS-12. The test–retest reliability was acceptable (i.e., the ICC was higher than 0.7) at each follow-up. The Pearson correlation coefficient between the FJS-12 and WOMAC was − 0.11 (n.s.) at preoperative follow-up, r = 0.47 (P = 0.001) at 1 month, r = 0.57 (P < 0.001) at 3 months, and r = 0.57 (P < 0.001) at 6 months. Therefore, except for the preoperative period, the validity of the FJS-12 score was assessed. Conclusion: The FJS-12 represents a valid and reliable tool with a low ceiling effect to assess the outcomes improvement in UKA patients. Therefore, validating and translating this score in different languages could help perform more accurate studies on outcomes after UKA. Level of evidence: Level III, diagnostic study.

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: the Italian version of the Forgotten Joint Score-12 is valid and reliable to assess prosthesis awareness

Longo U. G.;De Marinis M. G.;Denaro V.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA) recorded an increased incidence of around 30% per year in the United States. Patient’s experience and satisfaction after surgery were traditionally assessed by pre, and post-surgical scores and Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) scales. Traditional scales as Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Oxford Knee Score (OKS) reported high ceiling effect. Patients treated by UKA usually perform well; therefore, it is necessary to have a PROMs’ scale with a low ceiling effect as the Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12). PROMs have to be validated in the local language to be used. This study aims to perform a psychometric validation of the Italian version of FJS-12 for UKA for the first time. Methods: Between January 2019 and October 2019, 44 patients were included. Each patient completed both the FJS-12 Italian version and the WOMAC Italian version in preoperative follow-up, after 2-week and 1-month, 3-month, and 6-month postoperative follow-up. Cronbach’s α, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM), and minimal detectable change (MDC) were calculated to evaluate the reliability. The Pearson coefficient was used to assess validity. The Effect Size (ES) was used to test the responsiveness. Results: A range of Cronbach’s α between 0.90 and 0.95 indicated good internal consistency for the FJS-12. The test–retest reliability was acceptable (i.e., the ICC was higher than 0.7) at each follow-up. The Pearson correlation coefficient between the FJS-12 and WOMAC was − 0.11 (n.s.) at preoperative follow-up, r = 0.47 (P = 0.001) at 1 month, r = 0.57 (P < 0.001) at 3 months, and r = 0.57 (P < 0.001) at 6 months. Therefore, except for the preoperative period, the validity of the FJS-12 score was assessed. Conclusion: The FJS-12 represents a valid and reliable tool with a low ceiling effect to assess the outcomes improvement in UKA patients. Therefore, validating and translating this score in different languages could help perform more accurate studies on outcomes after UKA. Level of evidence: Level III, diagnostic study.
FJS-12
Forgotten Joint Score
Italian
Knee
PROM
Replacement
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty
Unicondylar knee replacement
Validation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/67483
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