Seventy-one cases that had resulted borderline for HER-2 protein expression at conventional immunohistochemical assay (2+) were assessed for HER-2 gene amplification by real-time PCR and by FISH in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations (gene amplification with ratio ≥2 in both methods). Thirty-three out of 71 cases (47%) resulted amplified at real-time PCR analysis, whereas 15 cases resulted positive at FISH (21%). Apparently, PCR was more sensitive than FISH in HER-2 determination, only 10 cases resulting amplified in both tests. When the mean ratio value obtained in all PCR experiments was adopted as threshold in determining HER-2 gene amplification, the apparent sensitivity of PCR was reduced but correlation between PCR and FISH results was dramatically increased. Furthermore, when the mean PCR ratio value observed in the FISH-positive group was chosen as threshold, the best agreement between PCR and FISH results was achieved. Therefore, we found that the proposed threshold ratio value of ≥2 is not accurate in separating HER-2 amplified and non-amplified cases. We suggest that the threshold ratio value in PCR tests should be determined in each laboratory using FISH controlled cases. Finally, above certain in-lab generated threshold values, PCR might be proposed as a highly predictive positive test in HER-2 assessment. © 2007 Taylor & Francis.

Borderline HER-2 breast cancer cases: Histochemical versus real-time PCR analysis and impact of different cut-off values

Crescenzi, A;
2007-01-01

Abstract

Seventy-one cases that had resulted borderline for HER-2 protein expression at conventional immunohistochemical assay (2+) were assessed for HER-2 gene amplification by real-time PCR and by FISH in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations (gene amplification with ratio ≥2 in both methods). Thirty-three out of 71 cases (47%) resulted amplified at real-time PCR analysis, whereas 15 cases resulted positive at FISH (21%). Apparently, PCR was more sensitive than FISH in HER-2 determination, only 10 cases resulting amplified in both tests. When the mean ratio value obtained in all PCR experiments was adopted as threshold in determining HER-2 gene amplification, the apparent sensitivity of PCR was reduced but correlation between PCR and FISH results was dramatically increased. Furthermore, when the mean PCR ratio value observed in the FISH-positive group was chosen as threshold, the best agreement between PCR and FISH results was achieved. Therefore, we found that the proposed threshold ratio value of ≥2 is not accurate in separating HER-2 amplified and non-amplified cases. We suggest that the threshold ratio value in PCR tests should be determined in each laboratory using FISH controlled cases. Finally, above certain in-lab generated threshold values, PCR might be proposed as a highly predictive positive test in HER-2 assessment. © 2007 Taylor & Francis.
FISH
Immunohistochemistry
Interassay correlation
LightCycler
Test validation
Test variability
Threshold value
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/68018
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