Recently the knowledge of chemical composition of pathological mineralizations is an important topic extensively studied because it could give more in-depth information to understand pathologies themselves and to improve prevention methods. In this work, psammoma bodies (PBs) microcalcifications in thyroid cancer tissue are investigated by different and complementary analytical methods as: micro-Fourier transformed spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, Inductively Coupled plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy imaging (EDX). For the first time the micro-FTIR analysis of the only inorganic phase isolated from PBs was reported. Signals of the recorded spectrum showed that the main component of the calcifications is the amorphous carbonated calcium phosphate, and the IR spectrum of thyroid PBs is strongly consistent with that of PBs in human ovarian tumors. The XRF and the ICP analysis detected also the presence of iron ad zinc in thyroid PBs. These results are validated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy imaging (EDX) carried out on tissue samples of the papillary thyroid carcinoma. By these analytical methods magnesium and sodium were detected within PBs while the presence of iron was confirmed by the Perls test. Summarizing the results of applied analytical methods, the main detected elements within the thyroid psammoma bodies are Ca, P, Mg, Na, Fe and Zn. Magnesium and sodium are found in malignant breast cancer microcalcifications, thus they seem correlated to neoplastic transformation. The Fe and Zn elements could give information about the origin of these pathological microcalcifications.

On the chemical composition of psammoma bodies microcalcifications in thyroid cancer tissues

Crescenzi, A;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Recently the knowledge of chemical composition of pathological mineralizations is an important topic extensively studied because it could give more in-depth information to understand pathologies themselves and to improve prevention methods. In this work, psammoma bodies (PBs) microcalcifications in thyroid cancer tissue are investigated by different and complementary analytical methods as: micro-Fourier transformed spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, Inductively Coupled plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy imaging (EDX). For the first time the micro-FTIR analysis of the only inorganic phase isolated from PBs was reported. Signals of the recorded spectrum showed that the main component of the calcifications is the amorphous carbonated calcium phosphate, and the IR spectrum of thyroid PBs is strongly consistent with that of PBs in human ovarian tumors. The XRF and the ICP analysis detected also the presence of iron ad zinc in thyroid PBs. These results are validated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy imaging (EDX) carried out on tissue samples of the papillary thyroid carcinoma. By these analytical methods magnesium and sodium were detected within PBs while the presence of iron was confirmed by the Perls test. Summarizing the results of applied analytical methods, the main detected elements within the thyroid psammoma bodies are Ca, P, Mg, Na, Fe and Zn. Magnesium and sodium are found in malignant breast cancer microcalcifications, thus they seem correlated to neoplastic transformation. The Fe and Zn elements could give information about the origin of these pathological microcalcifications.
chemical composition
pathological micro-calcifications
Psammoma Bodies
thyroid carcinoma
Female
Humans
Ions
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Calcinosis
Ovarian Neoplasms
Thyroid Neoplasms
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/68074
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