Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a discipline at the intersection between Computer Science (CS), Artificial Intelligence (AI), and Linguistics that leverages unstructured human-interpretable (natural) language text. In recent years, it gained momentum also in health-related applications and research. Although preliminary, studies concerning Low Back Pain (LBP) and other related spine disorders with relevant applications of NLP methodologies have been reported in the literature over the last few years. It motivated us to systematically review the literature comprised of two major public databases, PubMed and Scopus. To do so, we first formulated our research question following the PICO guidelines. Then, we followed a PRISMA-like protocol by performing a search query including terminologies of both technical (e.g., natural language and computational linguistics) and clinical (e.g., lumbar and spine surgery) domains. We collected 221 non-duplicated studies, 16 of which were eligible for our analysis. In this work, we present these studies divided into sub-categories, from both tasks and exploited models' points of view. Furthermore, we report a detailed description of techniques used to extract and process textual features and the several evaluation metrics used to assess the performance of the NLP models. However, what is clear from our analysis is that additional studies on larger datasets are needed to better define the role of NLP in the care of patients with spinal disorders.

Natural language processing in low back pain and spine diseases: A systematic review

Russo F.;Vollero L.;Merone M.
;
Denaro V.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a discipline at the intersection between Computer Science (CS), Artificial Intelligence (AI), and Linguistics that leverages unstructured human-interpretable (natural) language text. In recent years, it gained momentum also in health-related applications and research. Although preliminary, studies concerning Low Back Pain (LBP) and other related spine disorders with relevant applications of NLP methodologies have been reported in the literature over the last few years. It motivated us to systematically review the literature comprised of two major public databases, PubMed and Scopus. To do so, we first formulated our research question following the PICO guidelines. Then, we followed a PRISMA-like protocol by performing a search query including terminologies of both technical (e.g., natural language and computational linguistics) and clinical (e.g., lumbar and spine surgery) domains. We collected 221 non-duplicated studies, 16 of which were eligible for our analysis. In this work, we present these studies divided into sub-categories, from both tasks and exploited models' points of view. Furthermore, we report a detailed description of techniques used to extract and process textual features and the several evaluation metrics used to assess the performance of the NLP models. However, what is clear from our analysis is that additional studies on larger datasets are needed to better define the role of NLP in the care of patients with spinal disorders.
artificial intelligence; deep learning; low back pain; natural language processing; spine disorders; systematic review
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/69345
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