Since 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic represented an important worldwide burden. Well-structured surveillance by reliable and timely genomic data collection is crucial. In this study, a genomic monitoring analysis of all SARS-CoV-2 positive samples retrieved at the Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Campus Bio-Medico, in Rome, Italy, between December 2021 and June 2022, was performed. Two hundred and seventy-four SARS-CoV-2-positive samples were submitted to viral genomic sequencing by Illumina MiSeqII. Consensus sequences were generated by de novo assembling using the iVar tool and deposited on the GISAID database. Lineage assignment was performed using the Pangolin lineage classification. Sequences were aligned using ViralMSA and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analysis was performed by IQ-TREE2. TreeTime tool was used to obtain dated trees. Our genomic monitoring revealed that starting from December 2021, all Omicron sub-lineages (BA.1, BA.2, BA.3, BA.4, and BA.5) were circulating, although BA.1 was still the one with the highest prevalence thought time in this early period. Phylogeny revealed that Omicron isolates were scattered throughout the trees, suggesting multiple independent viral introductions following national and international human mobility. This data represents a sort of thermometer of what happened from July 2021 to June 2022 in Italy. Genomic monitoring of the circulating variants should be encouraged considering that SARS-CoV-2 variants or sub-variants emerged stochastically and unexpectedly.

Genomic Epidemiology Unveil the Omicron Transmission Dynamics in Rome, Italy

Giovanetti, Marta;De Florio, Lucia;Fogolari, Marta;Spoto, Silvia;Riva, Elisabetta;Angeletti, Silvia
;
Ciccozzi, Massimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Since 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic represented an important worldwide burden. Well-structured surveillance by reliable and timely genomic data collection is crucial. In this study, a genomic monitoring analysis of all SARS-CoV-2 positive samples retrieved at the Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Campus Bio-Medico, in Rome, Italy, between December 2021 and June 2022, was performed. Two hundred and seventy-four SARS-CoV-2-positive samples were submitted to viral genomic sequencing by Illumina MiSeqII. Consensus sequences were generated by de novo assembling using the iVar tool and deposited on the GISAID database. Lineage assignment was performed using the Pangolin lineage classification. Sequences were aligned using ViralMSA and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analysis was performed by IQ-TREE2. TreeTime tool was used to obtain dated trees. Our genomic monitoring revealed that starting from December 2021, all Omicron sub-lineages (BA.1, BA.2, BA.3, BA.4, and BA.5) were circulating, although BA.1 was still the one with the highest prevalence thought time in this early period. Phylogeny revealed that Omicron isolates were scattered throughout the trees, suggesting multiple independent viral introductions following national and international human mobility. This data represents a sort of thermometer of what happened from July 2021 to June 2022 in Italy. Genomic monitoring of the circulating variants should be encouraged considering that SARS-CoV-2 variants or sub-variants emerged stochastically and unexpectedly.
Italy; Omicron sub-lineages; SARS-CoV-2; genomic surveillance
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/70145
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