Listeria monocytogenes is one of the most important foodborne pathogens responsible for listeriosis, a severe disease with symptoms ranging from septicemia, meningoencephalitis, and abortion. Given the strong impact of listeriosis on human health and the difficulty of controlling L. monocytogenes along the food production chain, listeriosis has become a priority subjected to molecular surveillance in European Union/European Economic Area since 2007. From 2018, surveillance is based on whole-genome sequence using the core genome multilocus sequence type. The complete sequences of 132 clinical strains were used to define the evolutionary relatedness among subtypes of L. monocytogenes isolated in Italy from 2010 to 2016, allowing the identification of clades and/or clusters associated with outbreaks or sporadic cases of listeriosis. All the strains analyzed are clustered in lineages I and II, and the majority of the strains were classified as lineage II. A probable epidemic entrance in different years for every clade and cluster from each different region was defined. The persistence of the same specific clonal complexes of L. monocytogenes has been found over long periods; this may be related to the fact that some strains are able to survive better than others in a food production environment. Phylogenic studies, using whole-genome sequence data, are able to identify the emergence of highly persistent pathogenic variants, contributing to improving the hazard characterization of L. monocytogenes.

Phylogenetic and Evolutionary Genomic Analysis of Listeria monocytogenes Clinical Strains in the Framework of Foodborne Listeriosis Risk Assessment

Angeletti, Silvia;Ciccozzi, Massimo;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Listeria monocytogenes is one of the most important foodborne pathogens responsible for listeriosis, a severe disease with symptoms ranging from septicemia, meningoencephalitis, and abortion. Given the strong impact of listeriosis on human health and the difficulty of controlling L. monocytogenes along the food production chain, listeriosis has become a priority subjected to molecular surveillance in European Union/European Economic Area since 2007. From 2018, surveillance is based on whole-genome sequence using the core genome multilocus sequence type. The complete sequences of 132 clinical strains were used to define the evolutionary relatedness among subtypes of L. monocytogenes isolated in Italy from 2010 to 2016, allowing the identification of clades and/or clusters associated with outbreaks or sporadic cases of listeriosis. All the strains analyzed are clustered in lineages I and II, and the majority of the strains were classified as lineage II. A probable epidemic entrance in different years for every clade and cluster from each different region was defined. The persistence of the same specific clonal complexes of L. monocytogenes has been found over long periods; this may be related to the fact that some strains are able to survive better than others in a food production environment. Phylogenic studies, using whole-genome sequence data, are able to identify the emergence of highly persistent pathogenic variants, contributing to improving the hazard characterization of L. monocytogenes.
Listeria monocytogenes; clonal complexes (CCs); hazard characterization; lineage; listeriosis; phylogenetic analysis; sequence types (STs); whole-genome sequencing (WGS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/70156
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