BACKGROUND: In recent onset of type 1 diabetes, the residual beta cell function, assessed by baseline and/or stimulated C-peptide secretion, can be a useful parameter to establish the extension of beta cell destruction. How metabolic parameters at diagnosis influence residual C-peptide secretion is not well established.PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 553 consecutive patients with recent onset (<4 weeks) of type 1 diabetes (250 females and 303 males, mean age 15+/-8 years). Baseline and stimulated C-peptide by i.v. glucagon were evaluated using a highly sensitive radio-immunoassay. Metabolic parameters including blood glucose, HbA1c, insulin dose, and BMI were also evaluated.RESULTS: Baseline and stimulated C-peptide were 0.26+/-0.22 and 0.47+/-0.38 nmol/l and correlated positively with age (p<0.001). There was no significant correlation between C-peptide and blood glucose at diagnosis. BMI was positively correlated with both baseline and stimulated C-peptide secretion (p<0.001). By contrast, HbA1c levels inversely correlated with both baseline and stimulated C-peptide secretion (p<0.001).CONCLUSION: In type 1 diabetes at diagnosis, baseline and stimulated C-peptide are higher in pubertal and young adult patients compared with pre-pubertal patients suggesting that such parameter can be used as an end point marker for studies aimed at protecting and/or restoring beta cells in patients with substantial beta cell function. High levels of HbA1c and lower BMI are dependent variables of C-peptide values.

Metabolic factors affecting residual beta cell function assessed by C-peptide secretion in patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes

PICARDI A;MANFRINI S;POZZILLI P
2006-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In recent onset of type 1 diabetes, the residual beta cell function, assessed by baseline and/or stimulated C-peptide secretion, can be a useful parameter to establish the extension of beta cell destruction. How metabolic parameters at diagnosis influence residual C-peptide secretion is not well established.PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 553 consecutive patients with recent onset (<4 weeks) of type 1 diabetes (250 females and 303 males, mean age 15+/-8 years). Baseline and stimulated C-peptide by i.v. glucagon were evaluated using a highly sensitive radio-immunoassay. Metabolic parameters including blood glucose, HbA1c, insulin dose, and BMI were also evaluated.RESULTS: Baseline and stimulated C-peptide were 0.26+/-0.22 and 0.47+/-0.38 nmol/l and correlated positively with age (p<0.001). There was no significant correlation between C-peptide and blood glucose at diagnosis. BMI was positively correlated with both baseline and stimulated C-peptide secretion (p<0.001). By contrast, HbA1c levels inversely correlated with both baseline and stimulated C-peptide secretion (p<0.001).CONCLUSION: In type 1 diabetes at diagnosis, baseline and stimulated C-peptide are higher in pubertal and young adult patients compared with pre-pubertal patients suggesting that such parameter can be used as an end point marker for studies aimed at protecting and/or restoring beta cells in patients with substantial beta cell function. High levels of HbA1c and lower BMI are dependent variables of C-peptide values.
Baseline and stimulated C-peptide; HbA1c; insulin dose
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/7024
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