One hundred macrolide-resistant staphylococcal isolates from clinically relevant infections in Italy during a 19-month period were studied. Four distinct resistance phenotypes were observed using the triple-disk induction test (erythromycin, clindamycin, telithromycin): the cMLSB phenotype (24 isolates); the iMLSB phenotype (41 isolates); the MS phenotype (three isolates); and the iMTS phenotype (erythromycin-induced telithromycin resistance) (32 isolates). ermC and ermA genes predominated within erythromycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates with iMLSB phenotype and cMLSB phenotype, respectively. Among erythromycin-resistant CoNS isolates, half of the strains showed the iMTS or MS/ msrA association, and ermC gene predominated among isolates with MLSB phenotype. By pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, high genetic heterogeneity was observed among the isolates studied. Both independent acquisition of macrolide resistance genes and spread of specific resistant clones were observed. Association between certain clonal types and specific types of infection could be detected. To our knowledge, this is the first report on characterization of erythromycinresistant staphylococci in Italy

Macrolide resistance genotypes and phenotypes among erythromycin-resistant clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci, Italy

GHERARDI G;
2009-01-01

Abstract

One hundred macrolide-resistant staphylococcal isolates from clinically relevant infections in Italy during a 19-month period were studied. Four distinct resistance phenotypes were observed using the triple-disk induction test (erythromycin, clindamycin, telithromycin): the cMLSB phenotype (24 isolates); the iMLSB phenotype (41 isolates); the MS phenotype (three isolates); and the iMTS phenotype (erythromycin-induced telithromycin resistance) (32 isolates). ermC and ermA genes predominated within erythromycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates with iMLSB phenotype and cMLSB phenotype, respectively. Among erythromycin-resistant CoNS isolates, half of the strains showed the iMTS or MS/ msrA association, and ermC gene predominated among isolates with MLSB phenotype. By pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, high genetic heterogeneity was observed among the isolates studied. Both independent acquisition of macrolide resistance genes and spread of specific resistant clones were observed. Association between certain clonal types and specific types of infection could be detected. To our knowledge, this is the first report on characterization of erythromycinresistant staphylococci in Italy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/706
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