Background: Surgery still represents the gold standard of treatment for resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Neoadjuvant treatments (NAT), currently proposed for borderline and locally advanced PDACs, are gaining momentum even in resectable tumors due to the recent interesting concept of “biological resectability”. In this scenario, CA 19.9 is having increasing importance in preoperative staging and in the choice of therapeutic strategies. We aimed to assess the state of the art and to highlight the future perspectives of CA 19.9 use in the management of patients with resectable pancreatic cancer. Methods: A PubMed database search of articles published up to December 2021 has been carried out. Results: Elevated pre-operative levels of CA 19.9 have been associated with reduced overall survival, nodal involvement, and margin status positivity after surgery. These abilities of CA 19.9 increase when combined with radiological or different biological criteria. Unfortunately, due to strong limitations of previously published articles, CA 19.9 alone cannot be yet considered as a key player in resectable pancreatic cancer patient management. Conclusion: The potential of CA 19.9 must be fully explored in order to standardize its role in the “biological staging” of patients with resectable pancreatic cancer.

Role of CA 19.9 in the Management of Resectable Pancreatic Cancer: State of the Art and Future Perspectives

Fiore M.;Ramella S.;Coppola R.;Caputo D.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Surgery still represents the gold standard of treatment for resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Neoadjuvant treatments (NAT), currently proposed for borderline and locally advanced PDACs, are gaining momentum even in resectable tumors due to the recent interesting concept of “biological resectability”. In this scenario, CA 19.9 is having increasing importance in preoperative staging and in the choice of therapeutic strategies. We aimed to assess the state of the art and to highlight the future perspectives of CA 19.9 use in the management of patients with resectable pancreatic cancer. Methods: A PubMed database search of articles published up to December 2021 has been carried out. Results: Elevated pre-operative levels of CA 19.9 have been associated with reduced overall survival, nodal involvement, and margin status positivity after surgery. These abilities of CA 19.9 increase when combined with radiological or different biological criteria. Unfortunately, due to strong limitations of previously published articles, CA 19.9 alone cannot be yet considered as a key player in resectable pancreatic cancer patient management. Conclusion: The potential of CA 19.9 must be fully explored in order to standardize its role in the “biological staging” of patients with resectable pancreatic cancer.
2022
CA 19.9; early detection; neoadjuvant treatment; pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma; resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma; upfront surgery
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/71237
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