BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Molecular analysis of thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens is believed to improve the management of indeterminate nodules. Raman spectroscopy (RS) can differentiate benign and malignant thyroid lesions in surgically removed tissues, generating distinctive structural profiles. Herein, the diagnostic performance of RS was tested on FNA biopsies of thyroid gland. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, and single-center study. METHODS: We enrolled 123 patients with indeterminate or more ominous cytologic diagnoses (TIR3A-low-risk indeterminate lesion, TIR3B-high-risk indeterminate lesion, TIR4-suspicious of malignancy, TIR5-malignant). All subjects were surgical candidates (defined by international guidelines) and submitted to FNA procedures for RS analysis. We compared RS data, cytologic findings, and final histologic assessments (as reference standard) using various statistical techniques. RESULTS: The distribution of our study population was as follows: TIR3A:37, TIR3B:32, TIR4:16, and TIR5:38. In 30.9% of patients, histologic diagnoses were benign. For predicting thyroid malignancy in FNA samples, the overall specificity of RS was 86.8%, with 86.5% specificity in indeterminate cytologic categories. In patients with high-risk ultrasound categories, the specificity of RS increased to 87.5% for TIR3A, reaching 100% for TIR3B. Benign histologic diagnoses accounted for 72.9% of patients classified as TIR3A and 31.3% of those classified as TIR3B. Based on positive RS testing, unnecessary surgery was reduced to 7.4% overall (TIR3A-33.3%, TIR3B-6.7%). CONCLUSIONS: This premier use of RS for thyroid cytology confirms its role as a valuable diagnostic tool and a valid alternative to molecular studies, capable of improving the management of indeterminate nodules and reducing unnecessary surgery.

Clinical Use of Raman Spectroscopy Improves Diagnostic Accuracy for Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules

Palermo A.;Crucitti P.;Perrella E.;Crescenzi A.
2022-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Molecular analysis of thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens is believed to improve the management of indeterminate nodules. Raman spectroscopy (RS) can differentiate benign and malignant thyroid lesions in surgically removed tissues, generating distinctive structural profiles. Herein, the diagnostic performance of RS was tested on FNA biopsies of thyroid gland. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, and single-center study. METHODS: We enrolled 123 patients with indeterminate or more ominous cytologic diagnoses (TIR3A-low-risk indeterminate lesion, TIR3B-high-risk indeterminate lesion, TIR4-suspicious of malignancy, TIR5-malignant). All subjects were surgical candidates (defined by international guidelines) and submitted to FNA procedures for RS analysis. We compared RS data, cytologic findings, and final histologic assessments (as reference standard) using various statistical techniques. RESULTS: The distribution of our study population was as follows: TIR3A:37, TIR3B:32, TIR4:16, and TIR5:38. In 30.9% of patients, histologic diagnoses were benign. For predicting thyroid malignancy in FNA samples, the overall specificity of RS was 86.8%, with 86.5% specificity in indeterminate cytologic categories. In patients with high-risk ultrasound categories, the specificity of RS increased to 87.5% for TIR3A, reaching 100% for TIR3B. Benign histologic diagnoses accounted for 72.9% of patients classified as TIR3A and 31.3% of those classified as TIR3B. Based on positive RS testing, unnecessary surgery was reduced to 7.4% overall (TIR3A-33.3%, TIR3B-6.7%). CONCLUSIONS: This premier use of RS for thyroid cytology confirms its role as a valuable diagnostic tool and a valid alternative to molecular studies, capable of improving the management of indeterminate nodules and reducing unnecessary surgery.
indeterminate cytology; Raman spectroscopy; thyroid; thyroid nodule
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/71312
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