The authors present a retrospective study on major plantar foot reconstruction to evaluate the role of the free fasciocutaneous flap and the importance of sensory nerve reconstruction in improving long-term results. Between 1995 and 1999, 20 patients with major defects of the sole of the foot underwent free forearm flap reconstruction performed by the senior author (F.S.). Sensory nerve reconstruction was added to this technique in 1997. The age and sex of the patients and the cause, location, and dimensions of their defects were recorded. The patients clinically and neurophysiologically evaluated at 3, G, and 12 months after the procedure for the following parameters: flap contour, flap stability, load capacity, walking ability, touch sensation, pain sensation. static two-point discrimination, and thermal sensibility. Dermatomic somatosensory-evoked potentials were also tested at 12 months. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 5 years. Patients were divided into two groups according to sensory nerve reconstruction. Group A consisted of I I patients with nerve repair and group B consisted of nine patients without nerve repair. One patient from group A who had an idiopathic neuropathy was excluded from the study because of interference with the reinnervation proceed. Five more patients (three from group A and two from group B) were lost at follow-up and excluded from the study. The final sample size in each group was seven, Data from both groups were compared and statistically analyzed with the test and the Fisher exact test. Long-term results confirmed in all reconstruction long-lasting stability. During the first postoperative year patients with sensory nerve reconstruction showed better sensibility. The statistical analyses confirmed significant differences between the two groups to be dependent upon surgical technique at 3 and 6 mouths. Two-point discrimination and dermatomic somatosensory-evoked potentials were recorded. After 12 months flaps without surgical nerve repair showed progressive improvement of sensitive thresholds, achieving a good protective sensibility, similar to that of the other group, but these flaps never regained two-point discrimination or dermatomic somatosensory-evoked potentials.

Free flap reconstruction of the sole of the foot with or without sensory nerve coaptation

TENNA S;
2002-01-01

Abstract

The authors present a retrospective study on major plantar foot reconstruction to evaluate the role of the free fasciocutaneous flap and the importance of sensory nerve reconstruction in improving long-term results. Between 1995 and 1999, 20 patients with major defects of the sole of the foot underwent free forearm flap reconstruction performed by the senior author (F.S.). Sensory nerve reconstruction was added to this technique in 1997. The age and sex of the patients and the cause, location, and dimensions of their defects were recorded. The patients clinically and neurophysiologically evaluated at 3, G, and 12 months after the procedure for the following parameters: flap contour, flap stability, load capacity, walking ability, touch sensation, pain sensation. static two-point discrimination, and thermal sensibility. Dermatomic somatosensory-evoked potentials were also tested at 12 months. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 5 years. Patients were divided into two groups according to sensory nerve reconstruction. Group A consisted of I I patients with nerve repair and group B consisted of nine patients without nerve repair. One patient from group A who had an idiopathic neuropathy was excluded from the study because of interference with the reinnervation proceed. Five more patients (three from group A and two from group B) were lost at follow-up and excluded from the study. The final sample size in each group was seven, Data from both groups were compared and statistically analyzed with the test and the Fisher exact test. Long-term results confirmed in all reconstruction long-lasting stability. During the first postoperative year patients with sensory nerve reconstruction showed better sensibility. The statistical analyses confirmed significant differences between the two groups to be dependent upon surgical technique at 3 and 6 mouths. Two-point discrimination and dermatomic somatosensory-evoked potentials were recorded. After 12 months flaps without surgical nerve repair showed progressive improvement of sensitive thresholds, achieving a good protective sensibility, similar to that of the other group, but these flaps never regained two-point discrimination or dermatomic somatosensory-evoked potentials.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/7399
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact