Physicians and patients often come from different backgrounds and have varying levels of education, which can result in communication difficulties in the healthcare process. To address this expertise gap, we present a “Text Style Transfer” system. Our system uses Semantic Textual Similarity techniques based on Sentence Transformers models to create pseudo-parallel datasets from a large, non-parallel corpus of lay and expert texts. This approach allowed us to train a denoising autoencoder model (BART), overcoming the limitations of previous systems. Our extensive analysis, which includes both automatic metrics and human evaluations from both lay (patients) and expert (physicians) individuals, shows that our system outperforms state-of-the-art models and is comparable to human-provided gold references in some cases.

A text style transfer system for reducing the physician–patient expertise gap: An analysis with automatic and human evaluations

Bacco L.;Merone M.
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Physicians and patients often come from different backgrounds and have varying levels of education, which can result in communication difficulties in the healthcare process. To address this expertise gap, we present a “Text Style Transfer” system. Our system uses Semantic Textual Similarity techniques based on Sentence Transformers models to create pseudo-parallel datasets from a large, non-parallel corpus of lay and expert texts. This approach allowed us to train a denoising autoencoder model (BART), overcoming the limitations of previous systems. Our extensive analysis, which includes both automatic metrics and human evaluations from both lay (patients) and expert (physicians) individuals, shows that our system outperforms state-of-the-art models and is comparable to human-provided gold references in some cases.
2023
Healthcare; Natural language processing; Semantic textual similarity; Text simplification; Text style transfer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/74923
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