Analysis of bacterial DNA using a polymerase chain reaction performed with broad-range eubacterial 16S rDNA primers may yield a diagnosis of bacterial meningitis in cases where Gram staining of cerebrospinal fluid (CFS), antigen detection techniques or culture fail. Since this PCR technique occasionally gives false-positive results due to contamination of samples or laboratory reagents, a study was performed to establish the diagnostic value of assaying concentrations of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in 90 CSF samples. A high correlation was found between a positive PCR result and the concentrations of TNF-alpha and IL-10, indicating that cytokine assays may be used as a confirmatory test. The findings suggested that a combination of the PCR technique, amplicon sequencing and assay of TNF-alpha and IL-10 concentrations in CSF is a reliable and cost-effective procedure for diagnosis of culture-negative bacterial meningitis.

Diagnostic value of cytokine assays in cerebrospinal fluid in culture-negative, polymerase chain reaction-positive bacterial meningitis

ANGELETTI S;GHERARDI G;BATTISTONI F;DICUONZO G
2000-01-01

Abstract

Analysis of bacterial DNA using a polymerase chain reaction performed with broad-range eubacterial 16S rDNA primers may yield a diagnosis of bacterial meningitis in cases where Gram staining of cerebrospinal fluid (CFS), antigen detection techniques or culture fail. Since this PCR technique occasionally gives false-positive results due to contamination of samples or laboratory reagents, a study was performed to establish the diagnostic value of assaying concentrations of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in 90 CSF samples. A high correlation was found between a positive PCR result and the concentrations of TNF-alpha and IL-10, indicating that cytokine assays may be used as a confirmatory test. The findings suggested that a combination of the PCR technique, amplicon sequencing and assay of TNF-alpha and IL-10 concentrations in CSF is a reliable and cost-effective procedure for diagnosis of culture-negative bacterial meningitis.
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Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/7575
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