Background: The recommended method for antinuclear antibodies (ANA) detection is indirect immunofluorescence (IIF). To pursue a high image quality without artefacts and reduce interobserver variability, this study aims at evaluating the reliability of automatically acquired digital images of IIF slides for diagnostic purposes. Methods: Ninety-six sera were screened for ANA by IIF on HEp-2 cells. Two expert physicians looking at both the fluorescence microscope and the digital images on computer monitor performed a blind study to evaluate fluorescence intensity and staining pattern. Cohen's kappa was used as an agreement evaluator between methods and experts. Results: Considering fluorescence intensity, there is a substantial agreement between microscope and monitor analysis in both physicians. Agreement between physicians was substantial at the microscope and perfect at the monitor. Considering IIF pattern, there was a substantial and moderate agreement between microscope and monitor analysis in both physicians. Kappa between physicians was substantial both at the microscope and at the monitor. Conclusions: These preliminary results suggest that digital media is a reliable tool to help physicians in detecting autoantibodies in IIF. Our data represent a first step to validate the use of digital images, thus offering an opportunity for standardizing and automatizing the detection of ANA by IIF.

Indirect immunofluorescence in autoimmune diseases: assessment of digital images for diagnostic purpose

Soda P;Iannello G;Afeltra A
2007-01-01

Abstract

Background: The recommended method for antinuclear antibodies (ANA) detection is indirect immunofluorescence (IIF). To pursue a high image quality without artefacts and reduce interobserver variability, this study aims at evaluating the reliability of automatically acquired digital images of IIF slides for diagnostic purposes. Methods: Ninety-six sera were screened for ANA by IIF on HEp-2 cells. Two expert physicians looking at both the fluorescence microscope and the digital images on computer monitor performed a blind study to evaluate fluorescence intensity and staining pattern. Cohen's kappa was used as an agreement evaluator between methods and experts. Results: Considering fluorescence intensity, there is a substantial agreement between microscope and monitor analysis in both physicians. Agreement between physicians was substantial at the microscope and perfect at the monitor. Considering IIF pattern, there was a substantial and moderate agreement between microscope and monitor analysis in both physicians. Kappa between physicians was substantial both at the microscope and at the monitor. Conclusions: These preliminary results suggest that digital media is a reliable tool to help physicians in detecting autoantibodies in IIF. Our data represent a first step to validate the use of digital images, thus offering an opportunity for standardizing and automatizing the detection of ANA by IIF.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/7623
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