Background: An engaging Hill-Sachs lesion is a defect of the humeral head, large enough to cause locking of the humeral headagainst the anterior corner of the glenoid rim when the arm is at 90 of abduction and more than 30 of external rotation.Hypothesis: When Bankart lesions are associated with engaging Hill-Sachs defects, simultaneous Bankart repair and remplissageprovide lower recurrence rates than does Bankart repair alone.Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.Methods: Fifty patients (36 men, 14 women) with combined engaging Hill-Sachs and Bankart lesions were evaluated, before andafter arthroscopic management, at a minimum follow-up of 2 years. After imaging and arthroscopic assessment, 25 patientsunderwent remplissage and Bankart repair, and 25 patients received Bankart repair alone. Patients were evaluated using theUCLA, Constant, and Rowe scores, and range of motion was measured using a goniometer. Postoperatively, all patients underwentmagnetic resonance imaging to assess the status of healing of the anterior labrum and whether the tenodesis of the infraspinatuscovered the Hill-Sachs defect.Results: At the last appointment, active forward elevation, external rotation beside the body, internal rotation, and all administeredscores were significantly improved compared with baseline assessment, with no statistically significant intergroup differences.A new posttraumatic dislocation occurred in 5 patients, all from the Bankart-only group (20%).Conclusion: Remplissage is a safe, relatively short procedure that allows the surgeon to address large humeral defects with a lowpostoperative recurrence rate. Humeral head large defects predispose to recurrent instability of the shoulder and deserve surgicalmanagement.Keywords: shoulder instability; Hill-Sachs lesion; remplissage technique; recurrence

Remplissage Repair--New Frontiers in the Prevention of Recurrent Shoulder Instability: A 2-Year Follow-up Comparative Study

Franceschi F;Papalia R;Rizzello G;Denaro V.
2012-01-01

Abstract

Background: An engaging Hill-Sachs lesion is a defect of the humeral head, large enough to cause locking of the humeral headagainst the anterior corner of the glenoid rim when the arm is at 90 of abduction and more than 30 of external rotation.Hypothesis: When Bankart lesions are associated with engaging Hill-Sachs defects, simultaneous Bankart repair and remplissageprovide lower recurrence rates than does Bankart repair alone.Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.Methods: Fifty patients (36 men, 14 women) with combined engaging Hill-Sachs and Bankart lesions were evaluated, before andafter arthroscopic management, at a minimum follow-up of 2 years. After imaging and arthroscopic assessment, 25 patientsunderwent remplissage and Bankart repair, and 25 patients received Bankart repair alone. Patients were evaluated using theUCLA, Constant, and Rowe scores, and range of motion was measured using a goniometer. Postoperatively, all patients underwentmagnetic resonance imaging to assess the status of healing of the anterior labrum and whether the tenodesis of the infraspinatuscovered the Hill-Sachs defect.Results: At the last appointment, active forward elevation, external rotation beside the body, internal rotation, and all administeredscores were significantly improved compared with baseline assessment, with no statistically significant intergroup differences.A new posttraumatic dislocation occurred in 5 patients, all from the Bankart-only group (20%).Conclusion: Remplissage is a safe, relatively short procedure that allows the surgeon to address large humeral defects with a lowpostoperative recurrence rate. Humeral head large defects predispose to recurrent instability of the shoulder and deserve surgicalmanagement.Keywords: shoulder instability; Hill-Sachs lesion; remplissage technique; recurrence
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/7845
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