In the context of multicriteria decision analysis, Pairwise Comparison Matrices (PCMs) represent a widely-used mathematical structure to capture comparisons about criteria or alternatives. When a confidence (or uncertainty) level is associated to the provided comparison measures, PCMs are naturally extended to the so-called Interval Pairwise Comparison Matrices (IPCM). Classical approaches, based on the eigenvector associated to the largest eigenvalue of the matrix (Analytic Hierarchy Process) or optimization problems (e.g. the Logarithmic Least Squares approach), are frequently adopted in order to estimate absolute utilities from relative judgements in absence of expert's uncertainty. Conversely, in the presence of uncertain measures, computationally intensive approaches based on Monte Carlo analysis have been adopted. In this paper, starting from a given PCM, we provide an approach able to find the smallest multiplicative perturbations of its elements able to perturb the obtained ranking from the ordinal perspective. On the basis of such approach, we provide theoretical results which can be adopted also in the case of uncertain measures (e.g., IPCMs) with the aim to characterize the stability of the obtained ranking on the basis of the given uncertainty. As testified by numerical examples that conclude the paper, the proposed framework can greatly simplify the classical approaches by providing the possibility to make direct assumptions on the final outcome of Monte Carlo analysis and reducing or avoiding its required computational effort.

### Evaluating the effects of uncertainty in interval pairwise comparison matrices

#### Abstract

In the context of multicriteria decision analysis, Pairwise Comparison Matrices (PCMs) represent a widely-used mathematical structure to capture comparisons about criteria or alternatives. When a confidence (or uncertainty) level is associated to the provided comparison measures, PCMs are naturally extended to the so-called Interval Pairwise Comparison Matrices (IPCM). Classical approaches, based on the eigenvector associated to the largest eigenvalue of the matrix (Analytic Hierarchy Process) or optimization problems (e.g. the Logarithmic Least Squares approach), are frequently adopted in order to estimate absolute utilities from relative judgements in absence of expert's uncertainty. Conversely, in the presence of uncertain measures, computationally intensive approaches based on Monte Carlo analysis have been adopted. In this paper, starting from a given PCM, we provide an approach able to find the smallest multiplicative perturbations of its elements able to perturb the obtained ranking from the ordinal perspective. On the basis of such approach, we provide theoretical results which can be adopted also in the case of uncertain measures (e.g., IPCMs) with the aim to characterize the stability of the obtained ranking on the basis of the given uncertainty. As testified by numerical examples that conclude the paper, the proposed framework can greatly simplify the classical approaches by providing the possibility to make direct assumptions on the final outcome of Monte Carlo analysis and reducing or avoiding its required computational effort.
##### Scheda breve Scheda completa Scheda completa (DC)
2023
Interval pairwise comparison matrix; Monte Carlo; Multicriteria decision analysis; Ranking stability; Uncertainty
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/79047`
• ND
• 1
• 1