Objective: To examine the mechanisms of action of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on gallbladder (GB) musclecells in patients with symptomatic cholesterol gallstones (GSs) as it reduces the incidence of acute cholecystitis.Design and patients: A double-blind study was performed on 15 patients, 7 randomised to UDCA and 8 toplacebo, treated for 4 weeks before cholecystectomy. Muscle contraction induced by cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, acetylcholine (ACh) and potassium chloride (KCl) was determined in enzymatically isolated GB musclecells, and cholesterol levels were determined in plasma membranes. H2O2, lipid peroxidation, plateletactivatingfactor (PAF)-like lipids, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and catalase activity were determined asbiochemical markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in muscle cells.Results: UDCA significantly increased GB muscle cell contraction induced by all concentrations of CCK-8,ACh and KCl, and reduced the plasma membrane cholesterol (mean (SD) 0.32 (0.16) vs 0.72 (0.5) mmol/mgof protein) compared with placebo. In GB muscle cells, UDCA treatment significantly decreased the levels ofH2O2 (4.4 (1.9) vs 13.7 (5.3) mmol/mg of protein), lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde levels 1.3 (0.4) vs2.52 (0.7) nmol/100 mg of protein), PAF-like lipids (8.9 (4.9) vs 29.6 (7.1) pg/mg of protein) as well as theproduction of PGE2 (142 (47) vs 365 (125) pg/mg of protein) and catalase activity (14.5 (9.4) vs 35.8(12.7) units/mg of protein) when compared with placebo.Conclusion: These studies suggest that UDCA treatment improves GB muscle contractility by decreasing thecholesterol content in the plasma membrane of muscle cells, and the biochemical parameters of oxidativestress, thus explaining its possible therapeutic mechanisms in patients with symptoms of cholesterol GSs.

Ursodeoxycholic acid improves muscle contractility and inflammation in symptomatic gallbladders with cholesterol gallstones

GUARINO M;Cicala M;Alloni R;Carotti S;
2007-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To examine the mechanisms of action of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on gallbladder (GB) musclecells in patients with symptomatic cholesterol gallstones (GSs) as it reduces the incidence of acute cholecystitis.Design and patients: A double-blind study was performed on 15 patients, 7 randomised to UDCA and 8 toplacebo, treated for 4 weeks before cholecystectomy. Muscle contraction induced by cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, acetylcholine (ACh) and potassium chloride (KCl) was determined in enzymatically isolated GB musclecells, and cholesterol levels were determined in plasma membranes. H2O2, lipid peroxidation, plateletactivatingfactor (PAF)-like lipids, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and catalase activity were determined asbiochemical markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in muscle cells.Results: UDCA significantly increased GB muscle cell contraction induced by all concentrations of CCK-8,ACh and KCl, and reduced the plasma membrane cholesterol (mean (SD) 0.32 (0.16) vs 0.72 (0.5) mmol/mgof protein) compared with placebo. In GB muscle cells, UDCA treatment significantly decreased the levels ofH2O2 (4.4 (1.9) vs 13.7 (5.3) mmol/mg of protein), lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde levels 1.3 (0.4) vs2.52 (0.7) nmol/100 mg of protein), PAF-like lipids (8.9 (4.9) vs 29.6 (7.1) pg/mg of protein) as well as theproduction of PGE2 (142 (47) vs 365 (125) pg/mg of protein) and catalase activity (14.5 (9.4) vs 35.8(12.7) units/mg of protein) when compared with placebo.Conclusion: These studies suggest that UDCA treatment improves GB muscle contractility by decreasing thecholesterol content in the plasma membrane of muscle cells, and the biochemical parameters of oxidativestress, thus explaining its possible therapeutic mechanisms in patients with symptoms of cholesterol GSs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/7937
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