Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) has been recognized as an important respiratory pathogen. Due to its relatively recent discovery, only limited information is available on the relationship between hMPV and type I interferons (IFN). This study was designed to determine whether in vitro hMPV is sensitive to the antiviral activity of IFN-b, leukocyte IFN-a, and several IFN-a subtypes in a human Hep-2 cell line. The results showed that 50% inhibitory concentration values against hMPV for the various type I IFN preparations were significantly higher than those against the IFN-sensitive vesicular stomatitis virus, and some IFN-a subtypes appeared to be more active against hMPV than others, with IFN-a subtypes 5, 6, 8, and 10 being the most potent, and IFNa2, 17, and 21 the least potent. The results show that hMPV grown in Hep-2 is partially resistant to the antiviral activity of type I IFNs. Additional studies are required to understand whether and to what extent the relatively low sensitivity of hMPV to IFNs influences the clinical outcomes of infected individuals.

In vitro sensitivity of Human Metapneumovirus to type I interferons

Riva E;
2011-01-01

Abstract

Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) has been recognized as an important respiratory pathogen. Due to its relatively recent discovery, only limited information is available on the relationship between hMPV and type I interferons (IFN). This study was designed to determine whether in vitro hMPV is sensitive to the antiviral activity of IFN-b, leukocyte IFN-a, and several IFN-a subtypes in a human Hep-2 cell line. The results showed that 50% inhibitory concentration values against hMPV for the various type I IFN preparations were significantly higher than those against the IFN-sensitive vesicular stomatitis virus, and some IFN-a subtypes appeared to be more active against hMPV than others, with IFN-a subtypes 5, 6, 8, and 10 being the most potent, and IFNa2, 17, and 21 the least potent. The results show that hMPV grown in Hep-2 is partially resistant to the antiviral activity of type I IFNs. Additional studies are required to understand whether and to what extent the relatively low sensitivity of hMPV to IFNs influences the clinical outcomes of infected individuals.
hMPV; IFN-b; leukocyte IFN-a, and several IFN-a subtypes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/9883
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