Recently, glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) has being identified as an ubiquitous serine-threonine protein kinase that participates in a multitude of cellular processes and plays an important role in the pathophysiology of a number of diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GSK-3beta inhibition on the degree of arthritis caused by type II collagen (CII) in the mouse (collagen-induced arthritis; CIA). Mice developed erosive hind paw arthritis when immunized with CII in an emulsion in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). The incidence of CIA was 100% by day 28 in the CII-challenged mice and the severity of CIA progressed over a 35-day period with radiographic evaluation revealing focal resorption of bone. The histopathology of CIA included erosion of the cartilage at the joint margins. Treatment of mice with the GSK-3beta inhibitor TDZD-8 (1 mg/kg/day i.p.) starting at the onset of arthritis (day 25) ameliorated the clinical signs at days 26-35 and improved histological status in the joint and paw. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine, poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) revealed a positive staining in inflamed joints from mice subjected to CIA. The degree of staining for nitrotyrosine, PAR, iNOS, and COX-2 was significantly reduced in CII-challenged mice treated with the GSK-3beta inhibitor. Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and the joint tissue levels of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and MIP-2 were also significantly reduced by GSK-3beta inhibition. These data demonstrate that GSK-3beta inhibition exerts an anti-inflammatory effect during chronic inflammation and is able to ameliorate the tissue damage associated with CIA.

Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta inhibition attenuates the degree of arthritis caused by type II collagen in the mouse

Dugo L;
2006-01-01

Abstract

Recently, glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) has being identified as an ubiquitous serine-threonine protein kinase that participates in a multitude of cellular processes and plays an important role in the pathophysiology of a number of diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GSK-3beta inhibition on the degree of arthritis caused by type II collagen (CII) in the mouse (collagen-induced arthritis; CIA). Mice developed erosive hind paw arthritis when immunized with CII in an emulsion in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). The incidence of CIA was 100% by day 28 in the CII-challenged mice and the severity of CIA progressed over a 35-day period with radiographic evaluation revealing focal resorption of bone. The histopathology of CIA included erosion of the cartilage at the joint margins. Treatment of mice with the GSK-3beta inhibitor TDZD-8 (1 mg/kg/day i.p.) starting at the onset of arthritis (day 25) ameliorated the clinical signs at days 26-35 and improved histological status in the joint and paw. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine, poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) revealed a positive staining in inflamed joints from mice subjected to CIA. The degree of staining for nitrotyrosine, PAR, iNOS, and COX-2 was significantly reduced in CII-challenged mice treated with the GSK-3beta inhibitor. Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and the joint tissue levels of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and MIP-2 were also significantly reduced by GSK-3beta inhibition. These data demonstrate that GSK-3beta inhibition exerts an anti-inflammatory effect during chronic inflammation and is able to ameliorate the tissue damage associated with CIA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/12487
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