Actually, in literature there are not valid tools able to predict the chemotherapy response during first-line ovarian cancer treatment. CA125 and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) levels of consecutive single-institution patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) were measured during first-line chemotherapy and until 6 months follow-up. First, patients were divided into two groups according to a temporal criterion: patients treated during 2009 (group A: training group) and patients treated during 2010 (group B: verification group). At sixth months follow-up, patients were sub-classified, within both groups, as platinum resistant or platinum sensitive/intermediate, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria, and the serum marker courses were further analyzed in each subgroup. Moreover, we performed a logistic regression analysis to choose CA125 and HE4 levels that are best fitted to predict chemoresponse. A total of 76 patients were divided into two groups: group A (n = 42) and group B (n = 34). After 6 months of follow-up, 40 patients were classified as platinum sensitive/intermediate and 36 as platinum resistant. At third chemotherapy cycle, in platinum-resistant patients, HE4 levels were > 70 pmol/L in 36 of 36 cases, although in platinum-sensitive/intermediate patients, HE4 levels were > 70 pmol/L only in six of 40 cases (sensitivity 100 %, specificity 85 %). Moreover, HE4 reduction of almost 47 % at third chemotherapy cycle reached the sensitivity of 83 % with a specificity of 87 % (positive predictive value = 0.86, negative predictive value = 0.85) in predicting chemoresponse. On the contrary, CA125 values during chemotherapy did not result statistically significant in predicting platinum response. Our findings suggest that HE4 values during first-line chemotherapy could predict chemotherapy response in EOC patients.

Can HE4 predict platinum response during first-line chemotherapy in ovarian cancer?

Angioli R;Montera R;Terranova C;Plotti F
2014-01-01

Abstract

Actually, in literature there are not valid tools able to predict the chemotherapy response during first-line ovarian cancer treatment. CA125 and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) levels of consecutive single-institution patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) were measured during first-line chemotherapy and until 6 months follow-up. First, patients were divided into two groups according to a temporal criterion: patients treated during 2009 (group A: training group) and patients treated during 2010 (group B: verification group). At sixth months follow-up, patients were sub-classified, within both groups, as platinum resistant or platinum sensitive/intermediate, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria, and the serum marker courses were further analyzed in each subgroup. Moreover, we performed a logistic regression analysis to choose CA125 and HE4 levels that are best fitted to predict chemoresponse. A total of 76 patients were divided into two groups: group A (n = 42) and group B (n = 34). After 6 months of follow-up, 40 patients were classified as platinum sensitive/intermediate and 36 as platinum resistant. At third chemotherapy cycle, in platinum-resistant patients, HE4 levels were > 70 pmol/L in 36 of 36 cases, although in platinum-sensitive/intermediate patients, HE4 levels were > 70 pmol/L only in six of 40 cases (sensitivity 100 %, specificity 85 %). Moreover, HE4 reduction of almost 47 % at third chemotherapy cycle reached the sensitivity of 83 % with a specificity of 87 % (positive predictive value = 0.86, negative predictive value = 0.85) in predicting chemoresponse. On the contrary, CA125 values during chemotherapy did not result statistically significant in predicting platinum response. Our findings suggest that HE4 values during first-line chemotherapy could predict chemotherapy response in EOC patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/4562
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