Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a nuclear enzyme activated by strand breaks in DNA, plays an important role in the tissue injury associated with ischaemia-reperfusion injury and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a novel and potent inhibitor of PARP activity on neutrophil recruitment in the acute inflammation induced by zymosan-activated plasma. Intra-thoracic administration of zymosan-activated plasma leads to an increase in neutrophil infiltration of the lung at 24 hr. The potent PARP inhibitor 5-aminoisoquinolinone (5-AIQ) reduced the degree of lung injury and attenuated the expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1 as well as the recruitment of neutrophils into the injured lung. The up-regulation/expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1 in human endothelial cells exposed to oxidative stress (peroxynitrite) or to a pro-inflammatory cytokine (tumor necrosis factor α, TNFα) was also attenuated by 5-AIQ. These findings provide the first evidence that the activation of PARS participates in neutrophil-mediated lung injury by regulating the expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1.

Effects of 5-aminoisoquinolinone, a water-soluble, potent inhibitor of the activity of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, in a rodent model of lung injury

Dugo L;
2002-01-01

Abstract

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a nuclear enzyme activated by strand breaks in DNA, plays an important role in the tissue injury associated with ischaemia-reperfusion injury and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a novel and potent inhibitor of PARP activity on neutrophil recruitment in the acute inflammation induced by zymosan-activated plasma. Intra-thoracic administration of zymosan-activated plasma leads to an increase in neutrophil infiltration of the lung at 24 hr. The potent PARP inhibitor 5-aminoisoquinolinone (5-AIQ) reduced the degree of lung injury and attenuated the expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1 as well as the recruitment of neutrophils into the injured lung. The up-regulation/expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1 in human endothelial cells exposed to oxidative stress (peroxynitrite) or to a pro-inflammatory cytokine (tumor necrosis factor α, TNFα) was also attenuated by 5-AIQ. These findings provide the first evidence that the activation of PARS participates in neutrophil-mediated lung injury by regulating the expression of P-selectin and ICAM-1.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/6327
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