The standard treatments of patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) remains poorly defined. Chemotherapy (CT) and secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS) represent both valid options, even if several studies demonstrated a greater survival benefit, with survival rates up to 62 months, for platinum-sensitive patients undergoing complete SCS. The purpose of the present study was to develop a predictive model, named SeC-Score (SeC-s), to assess the risk of optimal SCS, including, for the first time in literature, HE4. All patients affected by suspicious ROC at radiologic imaging, referred to the Department of Gynecology of Campus Bio-medico of Rome, were prospectively included in the study. The preoperative variables considered in our predictive model were: age, residual tumour (RT) at primary cytoreduction (0 vs. > 0 cm), preoperative CA125 and HE4, and ascites at recurrence. After exploratory laparotomy, patients were submitted to secondary SCS (Group A) or addressed to CT (Group B). A total of 135 patients with ROC were considered for the analysis. Preoperative CA125, HE4, ascites, and RT at first surgery were found statistically significant and included into a multivariate logistic regression model to determine the risk to not optimal SCS. In the overall cohort of patients, SeC-s reported sensitivity and specificity of 82 and 83 %, respectively (PPV = 0.79, NPV = 0.81). Our data support the use of SeC-s to preoperative triage patients suitable of optimal SCS, even if external validation is needed.

A Predictive Score for Secondary Cytoreductive Surgery in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer (SeC-Score): A Single-Centre, Controlled Study for Preoperative Patient Selection

Angioli R;Terranova C;Plotti F
2015-01-01

Abstract

The standard treatments of patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) remains poorly defined. Chemotherapy (CT) and secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS) represent both valid options, even if several studies demonstrated a greater survival benefit, with survival rates up to 62 months, for platinum-sensitive patients undergoing complete SCS. The purpose of the present study was to develop a predictive model, named SeC-Score (SeC-s), to assess the risk of optimal SCS, including, for the first time in literature, HE4. All patients affected by suspicious ROC at radiologic imaging, referred to the Department of Gynecology of Campus Bio-medico of Rome, were prospectively included in the study. The preoperative variables considered in our predictive model were: age, residual tumour (RT) at primary cytoreduction (0 vs. > 0 cm), preoperative CA125 and HE4, and ascites at recurrence. After exploratory laparotomy, patients were submitted to secondary SCS (Group A) or addressed to CT (Group B). A total of 135 patients with ROC were considered for the analysis. Preoperative CA125, HE4, ascites, and RT at first surgery were found statistically significant and included into a multivariate logistic regression model to determine the risk to not optimal SCS. In the overall cohort of patients, SeC-s reported sensitivity and specificity of 82 and 83 %, respectively (PPV = 0.79, NPV = 0.81). Our data support the use of SeC-s to preoperative triage patients suitable of optimal SCS, even if external validation is needed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/6548
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