Fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) was reported more than 60 years ago for the first time defined by the transfer or transfusion of fetal blood into the maternal circulation before or during delivery. The transfused volume is usually very small but when this value exceeds, it may be clinically significant. Antenatal diagnosis of severe FMH is difficult and it can be suspected in case of reduction of fetal movements, abnormal cardiotocography and ultrasound. FMH is associated to different adverse outcomes and admission to neonatal intensive care. The low incidence of FMH limits the studies, thus being able to rely only on diagnosis and retrospective studies. We present case series of FMH and analyze the steps with the purpose of defining a flow-chart for early diagnosis and management of FMH.

Reduced fetal movements: the case of fetomaternal hemorrhage. Case series and proposal of a management protocol

Angioli R.;Ragusa A.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) was reported more than 60 years ago for the first time defined by the transfer or transfusion of fetal blood into the maternal circulation before or during delivery. The transfused volume is usually very small but when this value exceeds, it may be clinically significant. Antenatal diagnosis of severe FMH is difficult and it can be suspected in case of reduction of fetal movements, abnormal cardiotocography and ultrasound. FMH is associated to different adverse outcomes and admission to neonatal intensive care. The low incidence of FMH limits the studies, thus being able to rely only on diagnosis and retrospective studies. We present case series of FMH and analyze the steps with the purpose of defining a flow-chart for early diagnosis and management of FMH.
Cardiotocography
Female
Fetal Movement
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
Prenatal Diagnosis
Retrospective Studies
Fetomaternal Transfusion
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/69006
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