In the present study, we investigated the role of inducible (or type 2) nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the development of acute inflammation by comparing the responses in wild-type mice (WT) and mice lacking (knockout [KO]). When compared with carrageenan-treated iNOS-WT mice, iNOS-KO mice that had received carrageenan exhibited a reduced degree of pleural exudation and polymorphonuclear cell migration. Lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and lipid peroxidation were significantly reduced in iNOS-KO mice in comparison with iNOSWT mice. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine revealed positive staining in lungs from carrageenan-treated iNOS-WT mice. Lung tissue sections from carrageenan-treated iNOS-WT mice showed positive staining for poly adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose synthetase that was mainly localized in alveolar macrophages and in airway epithelial cells. The intensity and degree of staining for nitrotyrosine and poly-ADP-ribose synthetase were markedly reduced in tissue sections from carrageenan-treated iNOS-KO mice. The inflamed lungs of iNOS-KO mice also showed an improved histologic status. Furthermore, a significant reduction in the suppression of energy status, in DNA strand breakage, and in decreased cellular levels of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) was observed ex vivo in macrophages harvested from the pleural cavity of iNOS-KO mice subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. Taken together, our results clearly show that iNOS plays an important role in the acute inflammatory response.

Inducible nitric oxide synthase-knockout mice exhibit resistance to pleurisy and lung injury caused by carrageenan

Dugo L;
2000-01-01

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the role of inducible (or type 2) nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the development of acute inflammation by comparing the responses in wild-type mice (WT) and mice lacking (knockout [KO]). When compared with carrageenan-treated iNOS-WT mice, iNOS-KO mice that had received carrageenan exhibited a reduced degree of pleural exudation and polymorphonuclear cell migration. Lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and lipid peroxidation were significantly reduced in iNOS-KO mice in comparison with iNOSWT mice. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine revealed positive staining in lungs from carrageenan-treated iNOS-WT mice. Lung tissue sections from carrageenan-treated iNOS-WT mice showed positive staining for poly adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose synthetase that was mainly localized in alveolar macrophages and in airway epithelial cells. The intensity and degree of staining for nitrotyrosine and poly-ADP-ribose synthetase were markedly reduced in tissue sections from carrageenan-treated iNOS-KO mice. The inflamed lungs of iNOS-KO mice also showed an improved histologic status. Furthermore, a significant reduction in the suppression of energy status, in DNA strand breakage, and in decreased cellular levels of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) was observed ex vivo in macrophages harvested from the pleural cavity of iNOS-KO mice subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy. Taken together, our results clearly show that iNOS plays an important role in the acute inflammatory response.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/9047
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 27
  • Scopus 98
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 92
social impact