The success of grasping and manipulation tasks of commercial prosthetic hands is mainly related to amputee visual feedback since they are not provided either with tactile sensors or with sophisticated control. As a consequence, slippage and object falls often occur. This article wants to address the specific issue of enhancing grasping and manipulation capabilities of existing prosthetic hands, by changing the control strategy. For this purpose, it proposes a multilevel control based on two distinct levels consisting of (1) a policy search learning algorithm combined with central pattern generators in the higher level and (2) a parallel force/position control managing slippage events in the lower level. The control has been tested on an anthropomorphic robotic hand with prosthetic features (the IH2 hand) equipped with force sensors. Bi-digital and tri-digital grasping tasks with and without slip information have been carried out. The KUKA-LWR has been employed to perturb the grasp stability inducing controlled slip events. The acquired data demonstrate that the proposed control has the potential to adapt to changes in the environment and guarantees grasp stability, by avoiding object fall thanks to prompt slippage event detection.

Multilevel control of an anthropomorphic prosthetic hand for grasp and slip prevention

Guglielmelli E;Zollo L
2016-01-01

Abstract

The success of grasping and manipulation tasks of commercial prosthetic hands is mainly related to amputee visual feedback since they are not provided either with tactile sensors or with sophisticated control. As a consequence, slippage and object falls often occur. This article wants to address the specific issue of enhancing grasping and manipulation capabilities of existing prosthetic hands, by changing the control strategy. For this purpose, it proposes a multilevel control based on two distinct levels consisting of (1) a policy search learning algorithm combined with central pattern generators in the higher level and (2) a parallel force/position control managing slippage events in the lower level. The control has been tested on an anthropomorphic robotic hand with prosthetic features (the IH2 hand) equipped with force sensors. Bi-digital and tri-digital grasping tasks with and without slip information have been carried out. The KUKA-LWR has been employed to perturb the grasp stability inducing controlled slip events. The acquired data demonstrate that the proposed control has the potential to adapt to changes in the environment and guarantees grasp stability, by avoiding object fall thanks to prompt slippage event detection.
CONTROL STRATEGIES; FEEDBACK; FORCE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/1642
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