Background and Objective: The methods proposed in literature to estimate the position of hand joints Centers of Rotation (CoRs) typically require computationally non-trivial optimization routines and exploit a high number of markers to calculate CoRs positions from surface marker trajectories. Moreover, most of the existing works evaluated the accuracy only in simulation. This work proposes a new procedure, based on the Pratt circle fit, to estimate joints CoRs position in 2D through marker-based acquisitions.Methods: The advantage of the Pratt circle fit lies in its simplicity and computational speed, and in the possibility of exploiting a reduced markerset for calculating CoRs. By applying simplifying assumptions regarding the movement of the fingers (i.e., planar and decoupled flexion-extension movements of each joint occurring in the same flexion plane for all the joints of the finger), it is possible to determine the position of the CoR of each joint in 2D. For this reason, the estimation of the Carpo-MetaCarpal joint of the thumb was not included in this work, as it exhibits a more complex movement associated to the combination of a flexion-extension and adduction-abduction degree of freedom. The errors in estimating CoRs were evaluated by conducting experimental acquisitions on an anthropomorphic robotic hand and comparing the position of the estimated CoR with the real position of the CoR. The repeatability of the method and its capability to estimate anatomically plausible CoRs were evaluated through experimental acquisitions conducted on five healthy volunteers.Results: Errors in estimating finger joints CoRs were in the order of 0.70 mm and 0.18 mm respectively along the finger longitudinal direction (i.e., x coordinate) and thickness (i.e., y coordinate). Standard Deviations of CoRs positions were comparable to the ones obtained in literature (i.e., below 2 mm and 1 mm respectively for the x and y coordinates), thus demonstrating the repeatability of the method. The Anatomical Plausibility Rate of the proposed approach was between 80% and 100%.Conclusions: The performance of the Pratt-based CoRs estimation procedure proposed in this work was comparable to other existing methods, with the advantage of exploiting a simple fitting algorithm and a reduced markerset with respect to the state-of-the-art techniques.

A marker-based approach to determine the centers of rotation of finger joints

Lapresa, Martina;Guglielmelli, Eugenio;Zollo, Loredana;Cordella, Francesca
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background and Objective: The methods proposed in literature to estimate the position of hand joints Centers of Rotation (CoRs) typically require computationally non-trivial optimization routines and exploit a high number of markers to calculate CoRs positions from surface marker trajectories. Moreover, most of the existing works evaluated the accuracy only in simulation. This work proposes a new procedure, based on the Pratt circle fit, to estimate joints CoRs position in 2D through marker-based acquisitions.Methods: The advantage of the Pratt circle fit lies in its simplicity and computational speed, and in the possibility of exploiting a reduced markerset for calculating CoRs. By applying simplifying assumptions regarding the movement of the fingers (i.e., planar and decoupled flexion-extension movements of each joint occurring in the same flexion plane for all the joints of the finger), it is possible to determine the position of the CoR of each joint in 2D. For this reason, the estimation of the Carpo-MetaCarpal joint of the thumb was not included in this work, as it exhibits a more complex movement associated to the combination of a flexion-extension and adduction-abduction degree of freedom. The errors in estimating CoRs were evaluated by conducting experimental acquisitions on an anthropomorphic robotic hand and comparing the position of the estimated CoR with the real position of the CoR. The repeatability of the method and its capability to estimate anatomically plausible CoRs were evaluated through experimental acquisitions conducted on five healthy volunteers.Results: Errors in estimating finger joints CoRs were in the order of 0.70 mm and 0.18 mm respectively along the finger longitudinal direction (i.e., x coordinate) and thickness (i.e., y coordinate). Standard Deviations of CoRs positions were comparable to the ones obtained in literature (i.e., below 2 mm and 1 mm respectively for the x and y coordinates), thus demonstrating the repeatability of the method. The Anatomical Plausibility Rate of the proposed approach was between 80% and 100%.Conclusions: The performance of the Pratt-based CoRs estimation procedure proposed in this work was comparable to other existing methods, with the advantage of exploiting a simple fitting algorithm and a reduced markerset with respect to the state-of-the-art techniques.
2024
Center of rotation; Finger; Hand; Joint; Kinematic analysis; Motion capture
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12610/77863
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